Eagle, Bear, and Waterfall Artist: Unknown

late 15th–early 16th century

Asian Art

Admired for their martial spirits, eagles and hawks (both ying in Chinese) represent courage and the ability to act swiftly and boldly. In this painting, an eagle in the foreground is shown with a bear (xiong) in the landscape below, creating the rebus for the word “hero” (or yingxiong). The cascading waterfall at the left, lush vegetation, and red leaves at the right depict the transition from summer to autumn.


Hanging scroll, ink and color on silk


with mounting: 100 × 42 5/16 in. (254.001 × 107.4 cm)
with rollers: 44 3/4 in. (113.6 cm)

Credit Line

Purchased with gifts from Ruth and Bruce B. Dayton, B.A. 1940; The Henry Luce Foundation at the request of H. Christopher Luce, B.A. 1972; and the Leonard C. Hanna, Jr., Class of 1913, Fund, in honor of Professor Richard M. Barnhart

Accession Number



Ming dynasty (1368–1644)


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.



Kososhi Unshodo, Kyoto, Japan; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.
  • Art for Yale: Collecting for a New Century, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2007), 136, 374, pl. 123
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

hanging scrolls

Technical metadata and APIs


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