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Ancient Art

Graffito of Clibanarius

A.D. 200–256

Plaster

43.18 × 40.64 cm (17 × 16 in.)
Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos
1931.608
Geography: 
Excavated in Dura-Europos, Syria
Culture: 
Syrian, Dura-Europos
Period: 
Greco-Roman or Parthian
Classification: 
Paintings
Provenance: 

Excavated by the Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos (block M8, Christian Building), present-day Syria, 1928–37; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

Bibliography: 

Michael I. Rostovtzeff, Professor Paul V. C. Baur, and Professor Alfred R. Bellinger, The Excavations at Dura-Europos: Preliminary Reports of the Excavations, 9 vols. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1929–44), 208–9, pl. 22.2.

Carl H. Kraeling and C. Bradford Welles, The Excavations at Dura-Europos (New Haven, Conn.: Dura-Europos Publications, 1967), 94, tracing, fig. 10.

Lisa R. Brody and Gail Hoffman, eds., Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity (Boston: McMullen Museum of Art, 2011), 308, Brody note 19, fig. 18.9.

Jennifer Chi and Sebastian Heath, eds., Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos, exh. cat. (New York: Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, 2011), 57, fig. 2–33.

Blair Fowlkes-Childs and Michael Seymour, The World Between Empires: Art and Identity in the Ancient Middle East, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2019), 189, no. 134, fig. 72.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.