American Paintings and Sculpture
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
PrevNext2 of 2
Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
Artist: Edward Hicks, American, 1780–1849

The Peaceable Kingdom

ca. 1829–30

Oil on canvas

17 1/2 × 23 1/2 in. (44.5 × 59.7 cm)
Bequest of Robert W. Carle, B.A. 1897

The Quaker minister and artist Edward Hicks is best known for his paintings that illustrate God’s kingdom on earth, as Isaiah foretold: “The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid” (Isa. 11:6). To suggest the prophecy’s fulfillment in America, Hicks included in The Peaceable Kingdom a group of Quaker leaders, headed by the English-born William Penn, a champion of democracy and religious freedom, and the founder of Philadelphia. Their flowing banner, inscribed with lines from the Gospel of Luke (2:10–11, 14), tells of the Second Coming. By setting his painting in a distinctly American landscape, Hicks imbued the biblical message with national overtones.

Made in United States
Not on view
19th century

Bequest of Robert W. Carle, B. A. 1897, great-grandson of Edward Hicks, 1965.


Helen A. Cooper et al., Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness: American Art from the Yale University Art Gallery, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2008), 39–41, no. 9, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.