European Art
Artist: Claude Gellée, called Claude Lorrain, French, active Rome, 1604–1682

Pastoral Landscape

1648

Oil on copper

39.4 x 53.3 cm (15 1/2 x 21 in.) framed: 59.06 x 73.66 cm (23 1/4 x 29 in.)
Leonard C. Hanna, Jr., Class of 1913
1959.47
Although French, Claude Lorrain spent his entire working career in Rome, where he became the city’s principal painter of landscapes and the model for generations of classical landscape painters through the nineteenth century. This painting was commissioned by Hans Georg Werdmuller, a Swiss military engineer, who probably ordered it through an agent.
Culture: 
French
Period: 
17th century
Classification: 
Paintings
Status: 
On view
Provenance: 

Hans Georg Werdmüller (1616-1678) Collection, Zurich, Switzerland (commissioned through an agent in Rome; Liber Veritatis 116, dated 1648); Captain T. B. Brydges Barrett Collection, Lee Priory, England, 1777; T.B. Brydges Barrett collection, Christie's sale, London, 28 May 1859, no. 147 (as "Sunset"); Peter Norton, private dealer, London; Sir Francis Cook Collection, 1st Bart. (1817-1901), Doughty House, Richmond, Surrey, England, until 1901; by inheritance to Sir Frederick Lucas Cook, 2nd Bart. (1844-1920), Doughty House, Richmond, Surrey, England (1901- d. 1920); by inheritance to Sir Herbert Frederick Cook, 3rd Bart. (1868-1939), Doughty House, Richmond, Surrey, England (1920- d. 1939); by inheritance to Sir Francis Ferdinand Maurice Cook, 4th Bart. (1907-1978), Doughty House, Surrey, England (1939-1958); Cook Collection sale, Sotheby & Co., 25 June 1958, lot 55 (550£); Newhouse Galleries, Inc., New York.

Commission of Liber Veritatis 116 and Yale painting:
"First of three landscapes (nos. 115, 124) made in 1648 and 1651 for Hans Georg Werdmüller (1616-78). One is a small copper, the other, with somewhat similar scenery, a large canvas, and the third its pendant. The patron was a military engineer and collector from Zürich. He was elected a counselor of Zürich in 1648, and at the beginning of 1650 was sent as an envoy on a short military mission to Venice. He did not go to Rome. What brought him in touch with Claude is not known. In Italian he signed his name 'Verdmiller'; Claude's spelling is a correct phonetic rendering. Werdmüller, an amateur painter himself, increased his inherited collection; for instance, later he patronized the Dutch landscape painter Jan Hackaert (1629- c. 1699). The greater part of the collection was dispersed at the beginning of the 18th century and passed into foreign countries. The inventory of 1789 contains no Claude, but still has a few paintings of Asselyn, Salvator, Teniers, etc" (Röthlisberger 1961, Vol. I, p. 290).

Bibliography: 

Alan Shestack, ed., Yale University Art Gallery Selections (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1983), 34–35, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.