Muhammad ibn Malikshah (r.1105–1118), from a manuscript of Hafiz-i Abru’s Majma’ al-tawarikh Artist: Unknown

ca. 1425

Asian Art

On view, 2nd floor, Asian Art

Malikshah I presided over the Sunni Seljuk Empire at its height, when it controlled territories ranging from the eastern Mediterranean to the Hindu Kush in India, and from Central Asia to the Gulf of Persia. Malikshah, his official name as ruler, combines the Arabic word malik and the Persian word shah, both of which mean “king.”


Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper


sheet: 16 15/16 × 13 1/4 in. (43 × 33.6 cm)
image: 14 9/16 × 10 3/16 in. (37 × 25.8 cm)
image (Painting): 5 1/2 × 10 1/16 in. (14 × 25.5 cm)

Credit Line

Gift of Mary Burns Foss

Accession Number



Timurid dynasty (1370–1507)


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.



Foss # 1532 Mary Burns Foss (Mrs. Wilson P. Foss Jr.) (1896–1987); gift in 1983 to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

  • Reza Mohamad Ghiasian, "The “Historical Style” of Painting for Shahrukh and Its Revival in the Dispersed Manuscript of Majma? al-Tawarikh," Iranian Studies 48 no. 6 (2015): 873, 888, 899.

Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

histories (visual works), manuscript


Seal of Shah Rukh on lower left of verso

Technical metadata and APIs


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