The Umayyad Caliph Muawiya I (r. 602–68 c.e.) with Councilors, from a dispersed Assembly of Histories (Majma’ al-Tawarikh) manuscript Artist: Unknown

ca. 1425

Asian Art

On view, 2nd floor, Asian Art

The son of a merchant from Mecca, Muawiya was the founder and first caliph of the Umayyad dynasty (661–751 C.E.), the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of the prophet Muhammad. Muawiya seized control after the death of the caliph Ali I, moved the capital to Damascus, established multiple government agencies (including a postal service), and extended the reach of the dynasty from Spain, in the west, to the Indus River, in northwest India.


Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper


sheet: 16 9/16 × 13 in. (42 × 33 cm)
image: 12 7/8 × 9 1/8 in. (32.7 × 23.2 cm)
other (Painting): 5 1/8 × 9 1/16 in. (13 × 23 cm)

Credit Line

Gift of Mary Burns Foss

Accession Number



Timurid dynasty (1370–1507)


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.



Foss 213 Mary Burns Foss (Mrs. Wilson P. Foss Jr.) (1896–1987); gift in 1983 to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.
  • Reza Mohamad Ghiasian, "The “Historical Style” of Painting for Shahrukh and Its Revival in the Dispersed Manuscript of Majma? al-Tawarikh," Iranian Studies 48 no. 6 (2015): 902.
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

histories (visual works)

Technical metadata and APIs


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