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European Art
Artist: Francesco Vanni, Italian, 1564–1610

The Rest on the Flight into Egypt, known as the Madonna della Pappa

ca. 1599

Oil on canvas

unframed: 118.745 × 88.9 cm (46 3/4 × 35 in.) framed: 152.4 × 121.92 cm (60 × 48 in.)
Maitland F. Griggs, B.A. 1896, Fund
Made in Siena, Italy
On view
Italian, Siena
16th century

Orlandini Collection, Siena; Private Collection, London, by 1786; Van Diemen Gallery, Berlin, by 1930*; Private Collection, New York (sale Christie's, New York, 9 January 1981, lot 127); Private Collection, New York ? (sale Christie's, London, 30 October 1987, lot 168); Paul F. Walter, New York (sale Christie's, New York, 24 January 2003, sale BLIVVET-1194, lot 84)

*One important factor in the painting's provenance needs to be highlighted. Although it left Italy in the eighteenth century, it belonged to the Van Diemen Gallery in Berlin by 1930. Clearly it was acquired under legitimate circumstances by the Van Diemen Gallery, but it has not been possible to determine when or to whom it was sold by them. The Van Diemen Gallery relocated from Berlin to New York before 1935, becoming Van Diemen Lillienfeld. There is every reason to imagine that this painting presents no improprieties of provenance, but we have no hard proof of that. The present owner of the Van Diemen Lillienfeld stock cards, which in any event go back only to 1945, can find no mention of this painting among them.

Paul Graupe Collection, Berlin, 25 January 1935 (sale of Van Diemen Gallery Collection, Berlin, Vanni's Madonna della Pappa not included).


Gugielmo Della Valle, Lettere Sanesi, 3 (Rome: Salomoni, 1786), 351.

Ulrich Thieme et al., Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, 34 (Leipzig, Germany: W. Engelmann, 1940), 97–99, (Vanni Francesco).

“Bullettino Senese di Storia Patria,” Bullettino Senese di Storia Patria (1942).

Ettore Romagnoli, Biografia cronologica de’ bellartisti Senesi: opera manoscritta in tredici volumi (Florence: Edizioni S.P.E.S., 1976), 707–08, 339, vol VIII pp. 707–708 Vol. XII p. 399.

Susan Wegner, Images of the Madonna and Child by three Tuscan artists of the early seicento: Vanni, Roncalli, and Manetti (Brunswick, Me.: Bowdoin College Museum of Art, 1986), 16–18, 37, fig. 13.

Antoine Schnapper et al., Curiosité: études d’histoire de l’art en l’honneur d’Antoine Schnapper (Paris: Flammarion, 1998), 416–22.

Art for Yale: Collecting for a New Century, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2007), 223, 394–95, pl. 210.

Federico Barocci, Alessandra Giannotti, and Claudio Pizzorusso, Federico Barocci, 1535-1612: l’incanto del colore: una lezione per due secoli, exh. cat. (Milan: Silvana, 2009–10), 104–7, fig. 68.

Marco Ciampolini et al., Pittori senesi del Seicento, 3 (Siena: Nuova immagine, 2010), 928–9.

John J. Marciari et al., Francesco Vanni: Art in Late Renaissance Siena, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2013), 11, 138–41, 145, 162n2, 178, 200, 224, no. 42, cover ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.