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Asian Art
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Jina Rishabhanatha

late 7th century c.e.

Chlorite

26 × 16 × 5 in. (66 × 40.6 × 12.7 cm)
Purchased with a gift from Steven M. Kossak, B.A. 1972
2000.36.1
Rishabanatha, who is identified by his flowing locks and the bull depicted on the pedestal beneath him, is the first of the twenty-four Jinas, or Jain deities, who crossed through the “torrent of rebirth” before the historical Mahavira established this religious practice in the sixth century B.C.E. Like Buddhist and Hindu gods, Rishabanatha is physically perfect and has a halo around his head. As is typical of Jain figures, he is nude, or “sky-clad,” a reference to his total detachment from the earthly world.
Geography: 
India
Status: 
On view
Culture: 
Indian
Period: 
Gupta period (ca. 320–ca. 600 C.E.), Pala period (ca. 750–1100)
Classification: 
Sculpture
Provenance: 

Arnold Lieberman (dealer), New York; sold to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn., 2000

Bibliography: 

Art for Yale: Collecting for a New Century, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2007), 166 (detail), 167, pl. 149.

Phyllis Granoff, ed., Victorious Ones: Jain Images of Perfection, exh. cat. (New York: Rubin Museum of Art, 2009), 162–63, no. S-02, ill.

Denise Patry Leidy, “South and Southeast Asian Sculpture, 7th–9th century,” Arts of Asia (March–April 2018): 58, fig. 1.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.