Ancient Art

Cult Relief of Mithras Slaying the Bull (Tauroctony)

ca. A.D. 170–71

Limestone

76 x 106 cm, 136.08 kg (29 15/16 x 41 3/4 in., 300 lb.)
Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos
1935.98
Culture: 
Syrian, Dura-Europos
Period: 
Roman (2nd century A.D.)
Classification: 
Sculpture
Status: 
On view
Provenance: 

Excavated by the Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos, present-day Syria, 1928–37; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

Bibliography: 

Michael I. Rostovtzeff, Dura-Europos and Its Art, 1st (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1938), 96, pl. 18:2.

Ann Perkins, The Art of Dura-Europos, 1st ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973), 86–90, pl. 35, ill.

Susan B. Downey, The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report III (Los Angeles: Insititue of Archaeology, University of California Los Angeles, 1977), 25–29, 217–225, no. 8, pl. 4, fig. 8.

Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 270, ill.

Lucinda Dirven, The Palmyrenes of Dura-Europos: A Study of Religious Interaction in Roman Syria (Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1999), 266–67, 269–72, pl. 9.

Lisa R. Brody and Gail Hoffman, eds., Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity (Boston: McMullen Museum of Art, 2011), 212, fig. 12.3.

Lisa R. Brody and Gail Hoffman, eds., Roman in the Provinces: Art on the Periphery of Empire (Chestnut Hill, Mass.: McMullen Museum of Art, 2014), 126, fig. 8.3.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.