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Ancient Art

Cult Relief of Mithras Slaying the Bull (Tauroctony)

ca. A.D. 168

Limestone

41.4 × 56.3 × 14.2 cm, 72.58 kg (16 5/16 × 22 3/16 × 5 9/16 in., 160 lb.)
Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos
1935.97
Geography: 
Excavated in Dura-Europos, Syria
Status: 
On view
Culture: 
Syrian, Dura-Europos
Period: 
Roman (2nd century A.D.)
Classification: 
Sculpture
Provenance: 

Excavated by the Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos (block J7, Mithraeum), present-day Syria, 1928–37; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

Bibliography: 

Ann Perkins, The Art of Dura-Europos, 1st ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973), 84–90, pl.34, ill.

Susan B. Downey, The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report III (Los Angeles: Insititue of Archaeology, University of California Los Angeles, 1977), 22–25, 217–225, no. 7, pl. 4, fig. 7.

Christa Bauchenss-Thüriedl, Erika Simon, and Ingrid Krauskopf, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, 8 vols. (Zurich: Artemis, 1981–97), vol. 6, p. 606, no. 226, pl. 354.

Hans Erik Mathiesen, Sculpture in the Parthian Empire : a study in chronology, 2 volumes (Aarhus Denmark: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 1992), 196–97, no. 172, vol. 1, appendix II, pp.78–80, fig. 52.

Lucinda Dirven, The Palmyrenes of Dura-Europos: A Study of Religious Interaction in Roman Syria (Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1999), 262–69, pl. 8.

Jennifer Chi and Sebastian Heath, eds., Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos, exh. cat. (New York: Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, 2011), 90, fig. 4–11.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.