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American Paintings and Sculpture
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
PrevNext2 of 2
Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
Artist: John Trumbull, American, 1756–1843
Subject: George Hammond, British, 1763–1853

George Hammond (1763–1853)


Oil on wood

3 7/8 × 3 1/8 in. (9.8 × 7.9 cm)
Trumbull Collection

This portrait of George Hammond is one of five miniatures painted by John Trumbull in preparation for The Treaty of Peace, an unexecuted painting commemorating the 1783 accord signed in Paris that ended the Revolutionary War. Shortly after publicly announcing his plans for the subject in 1790, Trumbull began to take portraits of the prominent figures involved in the negotiations: Henry Laurens, John Jay, and John Adams, the three American peace commissioners deputized by Congress, as well as William Temple Franklin, the grandson of Benjamin Franklin and secretary to the American delegation at the treaty talks, and George Hammond, who served as the secretary to the British delegation. Trumbull painted Hammond’s likeness in Philadelphia while the latter was in America, serving as first minister of Great Britain to the United States.

On view
18th century

Helen A. Cooper et al., John Trumbull: The Hand and Spirit of a Painter (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1982), 135, pl. 66-70.

Helen A. Cooper et al., Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness: American Art from the Yale University Art Gallery, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2008), 96–97, no. 39, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.