George Hammond (1763–1853) Artist: John Trumbull (American, 1756–1843)

1793

American Paintings and Sculpture

On view, 2nd floor, American Art before 1900


This portrait of George Hammond is one of five miniatures painted by John Trumbull in preparation for The Treaty of Peace, an unexecuted painting commemorating the 1783 accord signed in Paris that ended the Revolutionary War. Shortly after publicly announcing his plans for the subject in 1790, Trumbull began to take portraits of the prominent figures involved in the negotiations: Henry Laurens, John Jay, and John Adams, the three American peace commissioners deputized by Congress, as well as William Temple Franklin, the grandson of Benjamin Franklin and secretary to the American delegation at the treaty talks, and George Hammond, who served as the secretary to the British delegation. Trumbull painted Hammond's likeness in Philadelphia while the latter was in America, serving as first minister of Great Britain to the United States.

Medium

Oil on wood

Dimensions

3 7/8 × 3 1/8 in. (9.8 × 7.9 cm)

Credit Line

Trumbull Collection

Accession Number

1832.23

Culture
Period

18th century

Classification
Disclaimer

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.

Bibliography
  • Helen A. Cooper et al., Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness: American Art from the Yale University Art Gallery, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2008), 96–97, no. 39, ill
  • Helen A. Cooper et al., John Trumbull: The Hand and Spirit of a Painter (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1982), 135, pl. 66-70
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

miniatures (paintings), portraits

Signed

signed verso: "George Hammond Esq./first Minister Plenip./of G. Britain to America/& Secry. to the commission/for concluding Peace/between the two countries/in 1783/Painted in Phila. by J. Trumbull 1793."

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