SPECIAL ADVISORY: The Yale University Art Gallery is open to the public with expanded hours on Fridays, Saturdays, and Sundays and offers access to Yale ID holders on weekdays. Learn More

American Paintings and Sculpture
PrevNext1 of 2
Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
PrevNext2 of 2
Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
Artist: John Trumbull, American, 1756–1843
Subject: George Hammond, British, 1763–1853

George Hammond (1763–1853)

1793

Oil on wood

3 7/8 × 3 1/8 in. (9.8 × 7.9 cm)
Trumbull Collection
1832.23

This portrait of George Hammond is one of five miniatures painted by John Trumbull in preparation for The Treaty of Peace, an unexecuted painting commemorating the 1783 accord signed in Paris that ended the Revolutionary War. Shortly after publicly announcing his plans for the subject in 1790, Trumbull began to take portraits of the prominent figures involved in the negotiations: Henry Laurens, John Jay, and John Adams, the three American peace commissioners deputized by Congress, as well as William Temple Franklin, the grandson of Benjamin Franklin and secretary to the American delegation at the treaty talks, and George Hammond, who served as the secretary to the British delegation. Trumbull painted Hammond’s likeness in Philadelphia while the latter was in America, serving as first minister of Great Britain to the United States.

Status: 
On view
Culture: 
American
Period: 
18th century
Classification: 
Miniatures
Bibliography: 

Helen A. Cooper et al., John Trumbull: The Hand and Spirit of a Painter (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1982), 135, pl. 66-70.

Helen A. Cooper et al., Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness: American Art from the Yale University Art Gallery, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2008), 96–97, no. 39, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.