Asian Art

Buddha

3rd century C.E.

Schist

28 3/4 x 22 5/16 in. (73 x 56.6 cm) 28 3/4 x 22 5/16 x 6 1/2 in. (73.03 x 56.67 x 16.51 cm)
Anonymous gift
1934.146
The softness of the drapery folds in the Buddha’s shawl covering both shoulders, and the naturalistic depictions of his features, hair, and cranial protuberance (ushnisha)—a mark of supernal wisdom—echo the traditions of Rome and ancient Greece. First introduced in Gandhara after Alexander the Great’s conquest of the region in the fourth century B.C.E., the artistic traditions of the Mediterranean were maintained in the Kushan era through Eurasian trade.
Geography: 
India
Culture: 
Indian, Gandharan
Period: 
Kushan Empire (30–375 C.E.)
Classification: 
Sculpture
Status: 
On view
Bibliography: 

Harald Ingholt, Palmyrene and Gandharan Sculpture: An Exhibition Illustrating the Cultural Interrelations Between the Parthian Empire and Its Neighbors West and East, Palmyra and Gandhara, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1954), fig. 28.

Alan Shestack, ed., Yale University Art Gallery Selections (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1983), 102–103, ill.

Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 283, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.