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Art of the Ancient Americas
Artist: Unknown

Wool Pile Cap

A.D. 700–900

Wool and cotton, square-knotted network with wool pile

8.3 × 50.9 cm (3 1/4 × 20 1/16 in.) Bosses on 4 corners: 3.2 cm (1 1/4 in.)
Hobart and Edward Small Moore Memorial Collection, Gift of Mrs. William H. Moore
Close-fitting, four-cornered caps such as this one were worn by Huari and Tiahuanaco elite males in life and were interred with the dead. Upon a netted cotton base, the llama or alpaca wool pile in more than eight colors is woven into repeating designs of long-necked birds and geometric shapes.
Made in Central Andes, Peru
Not on view
Central Andes, Wari
Middle Horizon

Bought in Peru by Mrs. Moore, 1932.


Loretta N Staples, A Sense of Pattern: Textile Masterworks from the Yale University Art Gallery, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1981), 54, no. 50, ill.

Mary Frame, Andean Four-Cornered Hats: Ancient Volumes, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1990).

Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 323, ill.

Elizabeth Hill Boone, ed., Andean Art at Dumbarton Oaks, 2, exh. cat. (Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1996), 412, pl. 117.

Susan B. Matheson, Art for Yale: A History of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2001), 165, fig. 162.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.