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American Paintings and Sculpture
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Artist: Edward Hopper, American, 1882–1967

Rooms by the Sea


Oil on canvas

29 1/4 × 40 in. (74.3 × 101.6 cm)
Bequest of Stephen Carlton Clark, B.A. 1903
As a mature artist, Edward Hopper spent most of his summers on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. There, he designed and built a sunny, secluded studio at Truro, on a bluff overlooking the water. The view in Rooms by the Sea resembles what Hopper would have seen out the back door of his studio. But the description that he gave this painting in his notebook—”The Jumping Off Place”—suggests that the image is more a metaphor of solitude and introspection than a depiction of the actual place. Like Hopper’s most arresting images, this scene seems to be realistic, abstract, and surrealistic all at once.
Made in United States
On view
20th century

Josephine Hopper (1883–1968), Truro, Mass.; Mary Schiffenhaus, New York; Frank M. Capazzera, New York; Peter Findlay Gallery, New York; Stephen Carlton Clark (1882–1960), New York, to 1961; bequeathed to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn., 1961


Michael Conforti et al., The Clark Brothers Collect: Impressionist and Early Modern Paintings, exh. cat. (Williamstown, Mass.: Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, 2006), 186–87, 287, 289, 316, 332, fig. 151.

Carol L. Troyen et al., Edward Hopper, exh. cat. (Verona, Italy: MFA Publications, 2007), 216, no. 86, ill.

Nicholas Fox Weber, The Clarks of Cooperstown: Their Singer Sewing Machine Fortune, Their Great and Influential Art Collections, Their Forty-Year Feud (New York: Aldred A. Knopf, 2007), ill.

Connie Smith Siegel, Spirit of Drawing: A Sensory Meditation Guide to Creative Expression (New York: Watson-Guptill, 2007), 151, ill.

Heidi Slettedahl Macpherson, Transatlantic Women’s Literature, eds. Susan Manning and Andrew Taylor (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2008), ill. cover, ill.

Arne Neset, Arcadian Waters and Wanton Seas: The Iconology of Waterscapes in Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Culture, 36 (New York: Peter Lang, 2009), 238, no. 10.1.

Philip Eliasoph, Robert Vickrey: The Magic of Realism (Manchester, Vt.: Hudson Hills Press, 2008), 23, ill.

Jody A. Zorgdrager, Of Consequence (Omaha, Neb.: Backwaters Press, 2008), ill. cover.

Thomas Dumm, Apologia Della Solitudine (Torino, Italy: Bollati Boringhieri, 2010), ill. cover.

Artists on Art: Observations by Yale Faculty on Selections from the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1999), 10–11, ill.

Carl Little, Edward Hopper’s New England (Petaluma, Calif.: Pomegranate Commmunications, Inc., 2011), 87, fig. 33.

Karin Ivancsics, Restplatzborse (Weitra, Austria: Bibliothek der Provinz, 2011), ill. cover.

Isabelle Dervaux, Tiffany Bell, and Jennifer C. Raab, Dan Flavin Drawing, exh. cat. (Germany: Morgan Library and Museum, 2012), 37, fig. Fig. 1.

Pamela Franks, Jessica Sack, and John Walsh, “Looking to Learn, Learning to Teach,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2013): 46–47, fig. 8.

Matthew Monteith, “The Explainers,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2013): 52.

Robert Adams, Art Can Help (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2017), 12, ill.

Alan Shestack, ed., Yale University Art Gallery Selections (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1983).

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.