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Ancient Art
Artist: Ennion, Syro-Palestinian, 1st century A.D.

Globular Bowl

mid-1st century A.D.

Mold-blown glass

5.4 cm × 8.89 cm (2 1/8 in. × 3 1/2 in.)
Hobart and Edward Small Moore Memorial Collection, Bequest of Mrs. William H. Moore
1955.6.66
The Greek inscription on this bowl reads: “Ennion made it.” Ennion is preeminent among the ancient glassmakers whose names are known today, and more than twenty vessels bearing his signature survive. Active in the mid-first century A.D., he was a pioneer of high-quality mold-blown glass and specialized in creating vessels with intricate patterning, often using multiple-part molds. While he likely drew inspiration from contemporary metalwork, his works exhibit great originality, quality execution, and complex technique. Ennion was probably from Sidon, in present-day Lebanon, but many of his works have been found in northern Italy. The location of his workshop remains unknown.
Status: 
On view
Culture: 
Roman, Eastern Mediterranean, Syrian(?)
Period: 
Roman
Classification: 
Containers - Glass
Provenance: 

Said to come from Sidon
Referenced in 1-11-1928 Kouchakji receipt.

Bibliography: 

“Syria,” Syria 10 (1929): 82–83.

Donald Benjamin Harden, “Romano-Syrian Glasses with Mould-Blown Inscriptions,” Journal of Roman Studies XXV (1935): 167, no. A3, fig. pl. XXVII, 4.

Donald Benjamin Harden, “Two Tomb-Groups of the First Century A.D. from Yahmour, Syria, and a Supplement to the list of Romano-Syrian Glasses with Mould-Blown Inscriptions,” Syria 89 (1945): 89.

Jane Hayward, “Roman Mold-Blown Glass at Yale University,” Journal of Glass 4 (1962): 50, no. 1, fig. 2.

Susan H. Auth, Ancient Glass at the Newark Museum: From the Eugene Schaefer Collection of Antiquities (Newark, N.J.: Newark Museum, 1976), 65, no. 58.

Susan B. Matheson, Ancient Glass in the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1980), 43–45, no. 118, ill.

Yael Israeli, “Ennion in Jerusalem,” Journal of Glass Studies 25 (1983): 65–69.

Martine Newby, Roman Glass (London: Society of Antiquaries of London, 1991), 7–12.

Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 268, ill.

E Marianne Stern, Roman Mold-Blown Glass (Toledo: Toledo Museum of Art, 1995), 71.

Susan B. Matheson, Art for Yale: A History of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2001), 115, fig. 112.

David Ake Sensabaugh and Susan B. Matheson, “Ada Small Moore: Collector and Patron,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2002): 39, fig. 6.

Richard A. Grossmann, Ancient Glass: A Guide to the Yale Collection (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2002), 25, fig. 24.

Axel von Saldern, Antikes Glas (Munich: Verlag C. H. Beck, 2004), 241, 245n2, pl. 36, no. 212.

Christopher S. Lightfoot, Ennion Master of Roman Glass, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014), 107, no. 24, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.