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Ancient Art
Artist: Ennion, Syro-Palestinian, 1st century A.D.

Globular Bowl

mid-1st century A.D.

Mold-blown glass

5.4 cm × 8.89 cm (2 1/8 in. × 3 1/2 in.)
Hobart and Edward Small Moore Memorial Collection, Bequest of Mrs. William H. Moore
Although ancient glassmakers rarely signed their work, Ennion, the most famous of the glassmakers in the Eastern Mediterranean and creator of this delicate jar, signed his name in Greek. The three bands of decorative geometric patterns were created by blowing into a carved clay or wooden mold, a technique Ennion helped pioneer that enabled workshops to produce large numbers of nearly identical vessels.
Not on view
Roman, Eastern Mediterranean, Syrian(?)
Containers - Glass

Said to come from Sidon
Referenced in 1-11-1928 Kouchakji receipt.


“Syria,” Syria 10 (1929): 82–83.

Donald Benjamin Harden, “Romano-Syrian Glasses with Mould-Blown Inscriptions,” Journal of Roman Studies XXV (1935): 167, no. A3, fig. pl. XXVII, 4.

Donald Benjamin Harden, “Two Tomb-Groups of the First Century A.D. from Yahmour, Syria, and a Supplement to the list of Romano-Syrian Glasses with Mould-Blown Inscriptions,” Syria 89 (1945): 89.

Jane Hayward, “Roman Mold-Blown Glass at Yale University,” Journal of Glass 4 (1962): 50, no. 1, fig. 2.

Susan H. Auth, Ancient Glass at the Newark Museum: From the Eugene Schaefer Collection of Antiquities (Newark, N.J.: Newark Museum, 1976), 65, no. 58.

Susan B. Matheson, Ancient Glass in the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1980), 43–45, no. 118, ill.

Yael Israeli, “Ennion in Jerusalem,” Journal of Glass Studies 25 (1983): 65–69.

Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 268, ill.

Susan B. Matheson, Art for Yale: A History of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2001), 115, fig. 112.

David Ake Sensabaugh and Susan B. Matheson, “Ada Small Moore: Collector and Patron,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2002): 39, fig. 6.

Richard A. Grossmann, Ancient Glass: A Guide to the Yale Collection (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2002), 25, fig. 24.

Axel von Saldern, Antikes Glas (Munich: Verlag C. H. Beck, 2004), 241, 245n2, pl. 36, no. 212.

Christopher S. Lightfoot, Ennion Master of Roman Glass, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014), 107, no. 24, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.