Ichabod Crane Flying from the Headless Horseman Artist: John Quidor (American, 1801–1881)

ca. 1828

American Paintings and Sculpture

Not on view

In a dark scene from Washington Irving’s "Legend of Sleepy Hollow" (1820), John Quidor depicts Ichabod Crane fleeing in terror. The imaginative Quidor does not show the headless horseman in pursuit, focusing instead on the palpable fear that infects both Crane and his horse and emphasizing the darker, emotional, and chaotic aspects of the author’s stories through the landscape. This painting was the artist’s earliest attempt to portray an Irving tale.


Oil on canvas


22 5/8 × 30 1/16 in. (57.5 × 76.4 cm)

Credit Line

Mabel Brady Garvan Collection

Accession Number



19th century


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.

  • Roger Panetta, Dutch New York: The Roots of Hudson Valley Culture (New York: Fordham University Press, 2009), 226, ill
  • Susan B. Matheson, Art for Yale: A History of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2001), 105–6, fig. 100
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

histories (visual works)


horses night woods

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