Abstraction Artist: Oskar Fischinger (American, born Germany, 1900–1967)

1936

Prints and Drawings


Oskar Fischinger made experimental abstract films independently in Germany before being recruited to Hollywood by Paramount Pictures in 1936. His 1933 Kreise (Circles) had been the first color-on-film movie in Europe, and he later employed his innovative animation techniques at MGM, Disney (where he worked on Fantasia), and Orson Welles’s Mercury Studios. In the 1940s, Fischinger screened his films at the Nierendorf Gallery, in New York, where Katherine Dreier obtained this gouache. Dreier may have recognized a formal link to Marcel Duchamp’s Anemic Cinema (1925–26)—for which he had filmed early versions of his spinning Rotoreliefs—in the abstract patterns formed by circles in motion in Fischinger’s animated films.

Medium

Gouache and watercolor

Dimensions

sheet: 17 7/8 × 11 13/16 in. (45.4 × 30 cm)

Credit Line

Gift of Collection Société Anonyme

Accession Number

1941.473

Culture
Period

Modern, 20th century

Classification
Disclaimer

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.

Provenance

Provenance

Nierendorf, New York
Bibliography
  • Ruth L. Bohan et al., The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America, ed. Jennifer Gross, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2006), 173, ill
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

watercolors

Inscriptions

Signed LR: "O.S. Fischinger, 36"

Technical metadata and APIs

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