European Art
Artist: Gustave Courbet, French, 1819–1877

Hunter on Horseback

ca. 1864

Oil on canvas

unframed: 119.4 × 95.3 cm (47 × 37 1/2 in.)
Gift of J. Watson Webb, B.A. 1907, and Electra Havemeyer Webb
1942.301
The majestic figures of a hunter and his horse are set against a pale, wintery landscape, as they track the wounded animal that left bloody prints in the snow. This painting may have been part of a larger composition: Courbet listed it under “Studies and Sketches” in an exhibition of his work in 1867. It was still in the painter’s studio upon his death a decade later.
Status: 
On view
Culture: 
French
Period: 
19th century
Classification: 
Paintings
Provenance: 

Atelier Courbet (photographed by Eugène Feyen in Courbet's Ornans studio, 1864); Courbet's studio sale, Paris, Hôtel Drouot, 28 June 1882, lot no. 5 (purchased by Bernheim for Fr 1,600); Théodore Duret Collection, France; Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer Collection, New York, before 1914-1929 (purchased from Duret for Fr 30,000); Electra Havemeyer Webb Collection, New York (by descent), 1929-1942.

Bibliography: 

Michele Haddad, A la chasse avec Gustave Courbet (Besancon, France: Les Cahiers de l’Ethnopole, 2012), 100–101, fig. 52.

Les Chasses de Monsieur Courbet, exh. cat. (Besancon, France: Les Editions du Sekoya, 2012), 70–71, fig. 9.

Sarah Gaunce, Gustave Courbet (New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1993), 100–01, no. 27.

Sarah Faunce and Linda Nochlin, Courbet Reconsidered, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Brooklyn Museum of Art, 1988), 179–82, no. 69, fig. 69.

Michael Fried, Courbet’s Realism (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990), 287–90, fig. pl. 16.

Alice Cooney Frelinghuysen, Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993), 314–15, no. 138, fig. 138, pl. 22.

Pierre Georgel, Le Poème de la Nature (France: Gallimard, 1995), 96, ill.

Burijisuton Bijutsukan, Gustave Courbet: 3 juin-6 aou^t 1989, Bridgestone Museum of Art, Tokyo, exh. cat. (Tokyo: Bridgestone Museum, 1989), 74, no. 23, fig. 23.

Pierre Courthion and Gustave Courbet, L’opera completa di Courbet (Milan: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1985), 93, no. 361, fig. 361.

Robert Fernier, La vie et l’œuvre de Gustave Courbet : catalogue raisonne´, II (Lausanne, Switzerland: Lausanne : Bibliothèque des Arts, 1977), 212–13, no. 375, fig. 375.

Francoise Forster-Hahn, French and School of Paris Paintings in the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1968), 5–6, fig. pl. 8.

Zörg Zutter and Nationalmuseum, Courbet: artiste et promoteur de son œuvre, exh. cat. (Paris: Flammarion, 1998), 22–25, 137, no. 26, fig. 16.

Katherine Neilson and Andrew Carnduff Ritchie, Selected Paintings and Sculpture from the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1972), no. 75, fig. 75.

Klaus Herding, Max Hollein, and Schirn Kunsthalle, Courbet A Dream of Modern Art, exh. cat. (Ostfildern, Germany: Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2010), 73–4, fig. 6.

Nationalmuseum, Zörg Zutter, and Petra ten-Doesschate Chu, Gustave Courbet En Revoltör Lanserar Sitt Verk, exh. cat. (Stockholm: Flammarion, 1999), 22–5, no. 26, fig. 16.

Marie Thérèse Lemoyne de Forges, Autoportraits de Courbet, exh. cat. (Paris: Éditions des Musées nationaux, 1973), 45, no. 6, fig. pl. 56.

Hotel Drouot, Paris, Catalogue de tableaux, études, esquisses et dessins par Gustave Courbet : dépendant de sa succession et ayant en partie figuré á l’éxposition de l’école des Beaux-Arts; deuxième vente, sale cat. (June 28, 1882).

Alexandre Estignard, G. Courbet: sa vie et ses oeuvres (Besançon, France: Unknown, 1897), 188.

George Riat, Gustave Courbet, peintre (Paris: H. Floury, 1906), 246, 254.

Charles Léger, Courbet (Paris: Éditions G. Crès, 1929), 122, 128, 216–17.

Pierre Courthion, Courbet (Paris: Librairie Floury, 1931), 84.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Loan exhibition of the works of Gustave Courbet, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1919), no. 26, ill.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Henry O. Havemeyer, H.O. Havemeyer collection: catalogue of paintings, prints, sculpture and objects of art (New York: privately printed, 1931), 351.

Yale University Art Gallery, Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1943), 4, fig. 11.

Charles Léger, Courbet et son temps; lettres et documents inédits (Paris: Éditions universelles, 1948), 110.

Yale University Art Gallery, Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin, 26, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1960), 30–38, no. 3, fig. 1.

Louisine Waldron Havemeyer, Sixteen to to sixty: memoirs of a collector (New York: privately printed, 1961), 195.

“Les Amis de Gustave Courbet,” Les Amis de Gustave Courbet 1 (1947).

Pierre Courthion, Courbet. Raconté par lui-même et par ses amis. Sa vie et ses œuvres. (Geneva: P. Cailler, 1948), 39.

“Bulletin of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts,” Bulletin of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts 12, no. 2 (1972): 16.

“Les Amis de Gustave Courbet,” Les Amis de Gustave Courbet (1972).

Musee Fabre, Montpellier, Dominique de Font-Réaulx, and Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Gustave Courbet, exh. cat. (Paris: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2008), 404, no. 201, ill.

Dominique de Font-Réaulx et al., Gustave Courbet, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2008), 404, no. 201, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.