Flagon Maker: Johann Christoph Heyne (American, born Germany, 1715–1781)


American Decorative Arts

On view, 1st floor, American Decorative Arts before 1900

Johann Christoph Heyne, the maker of this flagon, was a native of Germany who worked in Stockholm before immigrating to America and settling in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. The flagon was made for a Lutheran church in the Lancaster area. Heyne was a Moravian minister who possibly specialized in liturgical wares since all his surviving pewter was made for churches. The Yale University Art Gallery also owns a covered chalice by him. The applied midband and the cast hollow handle of the flagon are evidence of the predominately English culture within which Heyne worked in the New World. The flagon therefore underscores the ethnic complexity of colonial America.




11 1/4 × 7 5/16 × 6 5/16 in. (28.6 × 18.5 × 16 cm)
base: 5 7/8 in. (14.9 cm)
rim: 3 7/16 in. (8.7 cm)

Credit Line

Mabel Brady Garvan Collection

Accession Number



18th century


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.



Howard Reifsnyder (1869–1929), Philadelphia. Francis P. Garvan, New York to 1930; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.
  • Helen A. Cooper et al., Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness: American Art from the Yale University Art Gallery, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2008), 35, no. 7, ill
  • Elise K. Kenney, ed., Handbook of the Collections: Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 114, ill
  • Gerald W. R. Ward, "American Pewter, Brass, and Iron in the Yale University Art Gallery," Antiques (June 1980), 1306, pl. 3, ill
  • Gerald W. R. Ward, Patricia E. Kane, and Helen A. Cooper, Francis P. Garvan, Collector, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1980), 36–39, fig. 8
  • Charles F. Montgomery and Patricia E. Kane, eds., American Art: 1750–1800 Towards Independence, exh. cat. (Boston: New York Graphic Society, 1976), 228–29, fig. 199
  • John Carter, "A Checklist of the Extant Pewter of Johann Christoph Heyne," Pewter Collectors' Club of America 7, no. 1 (December 1974), 29, no. 40
  • Ledlie I. Laughlin, Pewter in America: Its Makers and Their Marks, Volume III (Barre, Mass.: Barre Publishers, 1971), 123–30
  • Graham Hood, American Pewter: Garvan and Other Collections at Yale (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1965), 7, 51–52, no. 186, ill
  • Ledlie I. Laughlin, Pewter in America: Its Makers and Their Marks, 2 vols. (Boston: Barre Publishers, 1940), vol. 2, p. 44, ill
  • John J. Evans Jr., "I.C.H., Lancaster Pewterer," Antiques 20, no. 3 (September 1931), 150–53, fig. 4
  • American Art Association, New York, Colonial Furniture: The Superb Collection of the Late Howard Reifsnyder, sale cat. (April 24–27, 1929), 56–57, fig. 231
  • Homer Eaton Keyes, "The Frontispiece," Antiques 13, no. 2 (February 1928), 112–13, frontispiece, ill
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type



Laughlin marks 530 and 532


"P M D K" is engraved on base; "for / The Peters Kirche / in Mount Joy Town Ship / von John Dirr / 1771" engraved on body

Technical metadata and APIs


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