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European Art
Artist: Gentile da Fabriano, Italian, Fabriano, ca. 1370–1427

Virgin and Child

ca. 1420–24

Tempera on panel

unframed: 91.8 × 62.8 cm (36 1/8 × 24 3/4 in.)
University Purchase from James Jackson Jarves
1871.66
This is the only surviving mature work signed by the seminal Renaissance master Gentile da Fabriano, who worked for major patrons in the early years of the fifteenth century in cities throughout the Italian peninsula from Venice and Milan to Rome. It is believed to have been painted in Florence and to have been singularly influential on two young artists there: Masaccio and Fra Angelico. The figures are surrounded with red and white roses (called blooms of Paradise)—symbols of the Virgin’s purity—as well as pomegranates, signifying immortality and the Resurrection.
Status: 
Not on view
Culture: 
Italian, Fabriano
Period: 
15th century
Classification: 
Paintings
Provenance: 

James Jackson Jarves Collection, Florence, to 1871; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

Bibliography: 

Mrs. Francis Steegmuller, The Two Lives of James Jackson Jarves (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1951), 299, fig. 9.

Burton B. Fredericksen and Federico Zeri, Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972), 600.

Susan B. Matheson, Art for Yale: A History of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2001), 44 (detail), 45–46.

Clay M. Dean, A Selection of Early Italian Paintings from the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2003), 28–29, no. 7.

John J. Marciari, Italian, Spanish, and French Paintings before 1850 in the San Diego Museum of Art (San Diego: San Diego Museum of Art, 2015), 78–80, fig. 11.2.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.