European Art
Artist: Sano di Pietro, Italian, Siena, 1405–1481

Saint Anthony Abbot Tormented by Demons

ca. 1435–40

Tempera on panel

47.5 × 34.3 cm (18 11/16 × 13 1/2 in.)
University Purchase from James Jackson Jarves
The first twenty years of the career of Sano di Pietro, otherwise a highly prolific artist, are undocumented. Some scholars believe that the youthful Sano is responsible for works traditionally ascribed to an anonymous painter known as the Master of the Osservanza, while others argue that Sano and the Master of the Osservanza are distinct artists who collaborated in one of the professional partnerships common in Siena in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. This painting formed part of a famous series of eight scenes from the legend of Saint Anthony Abbot that included the Temptation of Saint Anthony by the Master of the Osservanza, also in the Yale University Art Gallery’s collection (1871.57).
Made in Siena, Italy
On view
Italian, Siena
15th century

James Jackson Jarves Collection, Florence. Potentially purchased by Jarves in Macerata in the 1850s when the Giambattista Caccialupi collection was being broken up and sold (see Boskovits & Brown 2003, p. 493 note 33).


Susan B. Matheson, Art for Yale: A History of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2001), 48, 51, fig. 41b.

Clay M. Dean, A Selection of Early Italian Paintings from the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2003), 13, 30, fig. 3.

Mrs. Francis Steegmuller, The Two Lives of James Jackson Jarves (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1951), 297.

Burton B. Fredericksen and Federico Zeri, Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972), 599.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.