Tournament in the square of Santa Croce, Florence Artist: Apollonio di Giovanni (Italian, ca. 1416–1465)

ca. 1462–63 (?)

European Art

On view, 2nd floor, European Art

Tempera on panel


17 7/8 × 60 3/8 × 1 1/2 in. (45.4 × 153.4 × 3.8 cm)

Credit Line

University Purchase from James Jackson Jarves

Accession Number



15th century


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.



James Jackson Jarves Collection, Florence, to 1871; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.
  • Marina Belozerskaya, Luxury Arts of the Renaissance (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2005), 238–9
  • D. Medina Lasansky, The Renaissance Perfected: Architecture, Spectacle, and Tourism in Fascist Italy (University Park, Penn.: Penn State Press, 2004), 146, workshop of Apollonio di Giovanni, c. 1439, fig. 140
  • Adrian W. B. Randolph, Engaging Symbols: Gender, Politics, and Public Art in Fifteenth-Century Florence (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2002), 197–98, shop of Apollonio di Giovanni, c.1470
  • Ellen Callmann, "Apollonio di Giovanni," Dictionary of Art 2 (1996), 228
  • Jennifer Klein Morrison, "Apollonio di Giovanni's 'Aeneid' Cassoni and the Virgil Commentators," Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (1992), 42, 47
  • Riccardo Pacciani, Le Tems revient, 'l tempo si rinuova: feste e spettacoli nella Firenze di Lorenzo il Magnifico: Firenze, Palazzo Medici Riccardi, April 8 - June 30, 1992, ed. Paola Ventrone (Milan: Silvana, 1992), 124–5, 176–77, workshop of Apollonio di Giovanni, c.1439
  • Elise K. Kenney, ed., Handbook of the Collections: Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 135
  • Ellen Callmann, "Apollonio di Giovanni and Painting for the Early Renaissance Room," Antichità Viva 27 (1988), 8
  • Mario Scalini, ed., Saracino e gli spettacoli cavallareshi nella Toscana Granducale, exh. cat. (Florence: Museo Nazionale del Bargello, 1987), 38–39
  • Attilio Schiaparelli, La casa fiorentina e i suoi arredi nei secoli XIV e XV, eds. Maria Sframelo, Laura Pagnotta, and Mina Gregori, 2 (Florence: Le Lettere, 1983), 82, 84, 82 (note 243), 84 (note 257)
  • Mario Scalini, Art, Arms and Armour: An International Anthology, ed. Robert Held, 1 (Chiasso, Switzerland: Acquafresca Editrice, 1979), 16–17, 21
  • Maria Luisa Rizzatti, I geni dell'arte - Botticelli (Milan: Arnoldo Mondadori, 1976), 14–15
  • Ellen Callmann, Apollonio di Giovanni (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974), 1, 62–63, Apollonio di Giovanni
  • Burton B. Fredericksen and Federico Zeri, Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972), 599
  • Charles Seymour Jr., Early Italian Paintings in the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1970), 116–119, no. 80
  • Bernhard Degenhart and Annegrit Schmitt, Corpus der italienischen Zeichnungen, 1300-1450 (Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1968), 561
  • Albert Edward Elsen, Purposes of Art: An Introduction to the History and Appreciation of Art, 2 (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1967), 132–4, fig. 160–2
  • Bernard Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: a list of the principal artists and their works, with an index of places, 2 vols. (London: Phaidon, 1963), 1:18
  • Ian Shapiro, The Golden Book of the Renaissance (New York: Golden Press, 1962), 48–9
  • Richard M. Ketchum, The Horizon Book of the Renaissance (New York: American Heritage Publishing Co., 1961), 160–1
  • H. W. Janson, The Sculpture of Donatello, 2 (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1957), 48, n. 1
  • Ernst H. Gombrich, "di Giovanni: A Florentine Cassone Workshop Seen Through the Eyes of a Humanist Poet," Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 18 (1955), 21, 22, 24
  • Francis Steegmuller, The Two Lives of James Jackson Jarves (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1951), 298, fig. 16–17
  • Ulrich Thieme, Felix Becker, and Hans Vollmer, eds., Allgemeines-Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler, 37 (Leipzig, Germany: E. A. Seemann, 1950), 79
  • Wolfgang Stechow, "Marco del Buono and Apollonio di Giovanni: Cassone Painter," Bulletin of the Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College 1 (1942), 17, 20
  • Walter Paatz and Elizabeth Paatz, Die Kirchen von Florenz: Ein kunstgeschichtliches Handbuch. Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 1–6 (Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann, 1940), 1:700, note 671
  • Martin Wackernagel, Lebensraum des Künstlers in der Florentinischen Renaissance (Leipzig, Germany: E. A. Seemann, 1938), 189
  • Bernard Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and Their Works, with an Index of Places (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1932), 347
  • Raimond van Marle, Iconographie de l'Art Profane au Moyen-Age et à la Renaissance: Le Décoration des Demeures, 1 (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1931), 146
  • "Handbook: A Description of the Gallery of Fine Arts and the Collections," Bulletin of the Associates in Fine Arts at Yale University 5, nos. 1–3 (1931), 29, ill
  • Kurt Erdmann, "Orientalische Tierteppiche auf Bildern des XIV und XV Jahrhunderts," Jahrbuch der Preuszischen Kunstsammlungen 50 (1929), 285, 291–92, fig. 38a–c, 39a–e
  • Raimond van Marle, The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting, 10 (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1928), 548–554
  • Richard Offner, Italian Primitives at Yale University: Comments and Revisions (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1927), 6, 27–30
  • Paul Schubring, Cassoni: Truhen und Truhenbilder der Italienischen Frührenaissance. Ein Beitrag zur Profanmalerei im Quattrocento (Leipzig, Germany: Karl W. Hiersemann, 1923), 86, 108, 253–4
  • Paul Schubring, "Cassone Pictures in America, Part Two," Art in America 11 (1923), 316
  • Tancred Borenius, "Unpublished Cassone Panels-V," The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 41 (July 1922), 109
  • Osvald Sirén, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Pictures in the Jarves Collection Belonging to Yale University (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1916), 83–85
  • Frank Jewett Mather Jr., "The Jarves Collection," Yale Alumni Weekly 23 (1914), 969, Florentine, c.1450-1460
  • Joseph Breck, "Noch ein Beispiel für einen Drachen - und Phoenix-Teppich," Der Cicerone 4 (1912), 133
  • Attilio Schiaparelli, La casa fiorentina e i suoi arredi nei secoli XIV e XV, 1 (Florence: Sansoni, 1908), 285
  • William Rankin, "Cassone Fronts and Salvers in American Collections-VII (conclusion)," The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 13 (September 1908), 382
  • Friedrich Sarre, "Mittelalterliche Knüpfteppiche Kleinasiatischer und Spanischer Herkunft," Kunst und Kunsthandwerk 10 (1907), 505
  • William Rankin, "Cassone Fronts in American Collections - V, Part I," The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 11 (August 1907), 340
  • William Rankin, "Cassone Fronts in American Collections - IV," The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 11 (May 1907), 131
  • William Rankin, "Cassone Fronts in American Collections," The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 9 (June 1906), 288
  • William Rankin, Notes on the Collections of Old Masters at Yale University, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Fogg Museum of Harvard University (Wellesley, Mass.: Department of Art, Wellesley College, 1905), 10, no. 45
  • Mary Logan, "Compagno di Pesellino et quelques peintures de l'école," Gazette des Beaux-Arts 26 (1901), 335
  • William Rankin, "Some Early Italian Pictures in the Jarves Collection of the Yale School of Fine Arts at New Haven," American Journal of Archaeology 10, no. 2 (April-June 1895), 146
  • Russell Sturgis, Jr., Manual of the Jarves Collection of Early Italian Pictures (New Haven, Conn.: Yale College, 1868), 52, no. 45
  • James Jackson Jarves, Descriptive Catalogue of "Old Masters," Collected by James J. Jarves to Illustrate the History of Painting from A.D. 1200 to the Best Periods of Italian Art (Cambridge, Mass.: H. O. Houghton, 1860), 49, no. 55
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religious art

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