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American Paintings and Sculpture
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Photo Credit: Christopher Gardner
Photo credit: Christopher Gardner
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Photo Credit: Christopher Gardner
Photo credit: Christopher Gardner
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
Artist: Emily Heyward Drayton Taylor, American, 1860–1952

Beatrix Cadwalader Jones (later Beatrix Cadwalader Jones Farrand, 1872–1959)

1893

Watercolor on ivory

4 × 3 1/4 in. (10.2 × 8.3 cm)
Gift of Mrs. Dixon Stroud
1970.71

By 1893 photography was the dominant format for portrait miniatures. This portrait of Beatrix Jones, however, is painted in watercolor in a tradition recalling miniatures of an earlier era. The artist Emily Heyward Drayton Taylor depicts Jones as the Greek goddess Diana, dressed to attend a fancy-dress ball in Bar Harbor, Maine, to celebrate the sitter’s twenty-first birthday. The strong-willed mythological huntress was an appropriate model for the talented and ambitious Jones, who established a practice as a landscape architect in New York just two years after this miniature was painted. She later married Yale history professor Max Farrand and, as Beatrix Farrand, rose to acclaim as the designer of gardens at Dumbarton Oaks in Washington, DC, Yale University, and numerous other public and private locations. The artist and sitter shared a social and intellectual circle, which included author Henry James and Farrand’s aunt, novelist Edith Wharton.

In the mid-to-late 1870s Emily Heyward Drayton studied painting in Paris and at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. She married Dr. John Madison Taylor in 1879 and the couple had three children. She began working as a miniaturist in 1893 and soon rose to prominence, painting over four hundred miniatures during her career. Taylor contributed to numerous exhibitions and promoted miniatures through writing and as a founder of the Pennsylvania Society of Miniature Painters. Taylor’s portrait of Farrand represents the resurgence of miniatures in the late nineteenth century. Artists, many of whom were women, fostered the revival through their reverence for hand-crafted objects in an increasingly industrialized world. Taylor insisted that her works be framed in lockets crafted to resemble Federal-period housings so that they could be cradled in the hand. Revival miniatures did not recapture the middle-class appeal lost to photography, but instead became a favorite art form among the elite.

Geography: 
Made in United States
Status: 
Not on view
Culture: 
American
Period: 
19th century
Classification: 
Miniatures - Jewelry
Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.