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Ancient Art

Cult relief of the Gad (Fortune) of Dura, from the Temple of the Gadde

A.D. 159

Palmyrene limestone

46 × 61.6 × 16.5 cm (18 1/8 × 24 1/4 × 6 1/2 in.)
Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos
Excavated in Dura-Europos, Syria
On view
Syrian, Dura-Europos
Roman (2nd century A.D.)

Excavated by the Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos (block H1, Temple of the Gadde, Naos 3), present-day Syria, 1928–37; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.


Otto Eissfeldt, Tempel und kulte syrischer Städte in hellenistisch-römischer Zeit (Leipzig, Germany: J. C. Hinrichs, 1941), 126–27, 138, pl. 12, fig. 1.

Helmut Theodor Bossert, Altsyrien: Kunst und Handwerk in Cypern, Syrien, Palästina, Transjordanien, und Arabien von den Anfängen bis zum völligen Aufgehen in der grieschisch-römischen Kultur (Tübingen, Germany: Wasmuth, 1951), 39, fig. 562.

Ann Perkins, The Art of Dura-Europos, 1st ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973), 79–84, pl. 33, ill.

Susan B. Downey, The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report III (Los Angeles: Insititue of Archaeology, University of California Los Angeles, 1977), 14–17, 19, 203, 208–210, no. 4, pl. 3, fig. 4.

Clark Hopkins, The Discovery of Dura-Europos, ed. Bernard Goldman (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1979), 220–221, ill.

Christa Bauchenss-Thüriedl, Erika Simon, and Ingrid Krauskopf, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, 8 vols. (Zurich: Artemis, 1981–97), vol. 3, p. 76, no. 4; vol. 3, p. 668, no. 2, pl. 531.

Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 271, ill.

Jerome Jordan Pollitt, “An Obsession with Fortune,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (1994): 27, no. 34, fig. 11.

“Catalogue of the Exhibition ‘An Obsession with Fortune: Tyche in Greek and Roman Art’,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (1994): 113, no. 34.

Lucinda Dirven, The Palmyrenes of Dura-Europos: A Study of Religious Interaction in Roman Syria (Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1999), 100–102, 230–231, 245–47, pl. 3.

Lisa R. Brody and Gail Hoffman, eds., Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity (Boston: McMullen Museum of Art, 2011), 321, no. 1, pl. 1.

Jennifer Chi and Sebastian Heath, eds., Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos, exh. cat. (New York: Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, 2011), 79, no. 2, fig. 4.2.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.