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Ancient Art

Cult relief of the Gad (Fortune) of Palmyra, from the Temple of the Gadde

A.D. 159

Palmyrene limestone

47 × 57 × 11.4 cm (18 1/2 × 22 7/16 × 4 1/2 in.)
Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos
Excavated in Dura-Europos, Syria
Not on view
Syrian, Dura-Europos
Greco-Roman or Parthian

Excavated by the Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos (block H1, Temple of the Gadde), present-day Syria, 1928–37; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.


Otto Eissfeldt, Tempel und kulte syrischer Städte in hellenistisch-römischer Zeit (Leipzig, Germany: J. C. Hinrichs, 1941), 126–27, 138, fig. 1.

Helmut Theodor Bossert, Altsyrien: Kunst und Handwerk in Cypern, Syrien, Palästina, Transjordanien, und Arabien von den Anfängen bis zum völligen Aufgehen in der grieschisch-römischen Kultur (Tübingen, Germany: Wasmuth, 1951), 39, 173, fig. 563.

Harald Ingholt, Palmyrene and Gandharan Sculpture: An Exhibition Illustrating the Cultural Interrelations Between the Parthian Empire and Its Neighbors West and East, Palmyra and Gandhara, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1954), no. 17, ill.

Tobias Dohrn, Die Tyche von Antiochia (Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1960), 12, pl. 6.

Ann Perkins, The Art of Dura-Europos, 1st ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973), 79–84, pl. 31, ill.

Susan B. Downey, The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report III (Los Angeles: Insititue of Archaeology, University of California Los Angeles, 1977), 17–19, no. 5, pl. 3, fig. 5.

Clark Hopkins, The Discovery of Dura-Europos, ed. Bernard Goldman (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1979), 220–221, ill.

Christa Bauchenss-Thüriedl, Erika Simon, and Ingrid Krauskopf, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, 8 vols. (Zurich: Artemis, 1981–97), vol. 3, p. 357, no. 21, pl. 265; vol 4, p. 73, no. 28; vol. 8, p. 881, no. 39; vol. 7, p. 156, no. 2, pl. 98;.

Jerome Jordan Pollitt, “An Obsession with Fortune,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (1994): 27, no. 33, fig. 12.

“Catalogue of the Exhibition ‘An Obsession with Fortune: Tyche in Greek and Roman Art’,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (1994): 113, no. 33.

Lucinda Dirven, The Palmyrenes of Dura-Europos: A Study of Religious Interaction in Roman Syria (Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1999), 100–103, 231–235, 247–248, pl. 4.

Carolyn Woodford Schmidt, “Reliefs and Stelae from Sahri-Bahlol: a Topographical Study,” Migration, Trade, and Peoples (2009): ill.

Lisa R. Brody and Gail Hoffman, eds., Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity (Boston: McMullen Museum of Art, 2011), 205, fig. 12.2.

Lisa R. Brody and Carol Snow, “Quarries at the Crossroads: Sourcing Limestone Sculpture from Dura-Europos and Palmyra at Yale,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2019): 78, fig. 1.

Blair Fowlkes-Childs and Michael Seymour, The World Between Empires: Art and Identity in the Ancient Middle East, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2019), 196–97, no. 138.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.