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Ancient Art

Relief of Arsu

late 2nd–early 3rd century A.D.

Limestone

35 × 20.5 × 7.5 cm (13 3/4 × 8 1/16 × 2 15/16 in.)
Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos
1938.5311
Geography: 
Excavated in Dura-Europos, Syria
Status: 
On view
Culture: 
Syrian, Dura-Europos
Period: 
Greco-Roman or Parthian
Classification: 
Sculpture
Provenance: 

Excavated by the Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos (block C4 19, Temple of Zeus Megistos), present-day Syria, 1928–37; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

Bibliography: 

Lisa R. Brody and Gail Hoffman, eds., Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity (Boston: McMullen Museum of Art, 2011), 352, no. 45, pl. 45.

Christa Bauchenss-Thüriedl, Erika Simon, and Ingrid Krauskopf, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, 8 vols. (Zurich: Artemis, 1981–97), vol. 2, p. 615, no. 2, pl. 440.

Jennifer Chi and Sebastian Heath, eds., Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos, exh. cat. (New York: Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, 2011), 8, no. 8, ill.

Susan B. Downey, The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report III (Los Angeles: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA, 1977), 53–55, 195–199, no. 42, pl. 11, fig. 42.

Lucinda Dirven, The Palmyrenes of Dura-Europos: A Study of Religious Interaction in Roman Syria (Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1999), 124–25, 319–321, pl. 15.

Hans Erik Mathiesen, Sculpture in the Parthian Empire : a study in chronology, 2 volumes (Aarhus Denmark: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 1992), 198–99, no. 178, vol. 1, appendix II, pp.78–80, fig. 57.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.