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European Art
Artist: Antoine Caron, French, 1521–1599

The Triumph of Mars

ca. 1570

Oil on panel

unframed: 72.7 × 118.4 cm (28 5/8 × 46 5/8 in.)
Leonard C. Hanna, Jr., Class of 1913, Edwin J. Beinecke, Class of 1907, Archer M. Huntington, Class of 1897, and Mrs. Gile Whiting Funds
Based on an ancient Roman military procession, The Triumph of Mars is in fact an elaborate allegory of the evils of conflict, executed as the Wars of Religion (1562–98) were ravaging France, pitting Protestants against Catholics. Here, the Roman god of war, Mars, sits on a pile of trophies from conquered adversaries as his cart is drawn through a pillaged landscape by a personification of Fury and two fierce horses, Destruction and Devastation. Around them are the figures of Famine, Blasphemy, and Cruelty.
On view
16th century

The Hague sale, Netherlands, 1942 (as Maerten van Heemskerk, "Mars"); Sotheby's London Sale, 12 December 1973, lot #8 (sold as "The Property of a Lady"); Julius H. Weitzner, London, until May 1974.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.