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Numismatics

The numismatic collection at the Gallery, at more than 120,000 objects, is by far the largest and most diverse held by any American university. It is displayed, in part, in a dedicated exhibition gallery and housed in the Bela Lyon Pratt Study Room for Numismatics.
Aureus of Antoninus Pius, Emperor of Rome from Rome
Sestertius of Trajan, Emperor of Rome from Rome
Cistophorus of Hadrian, Emperor of Rome from Halicarnassus
Coin of Septimius Severus, Emperor of Rome from Abydos
Aureus of Augustus, Emperor of Rome from Rome
Sestertius of Trajan, Emperor of Rome from Rome

About Numismatics

The numismatics room and gallery were made possible by a gift from a descendant of Bela Lyon Pratt, a Connecticut medalist and sculptor who studied at Yale, and one display case is devoted to his designs. Other cases have a thematic display of coins and bank notes from the ancient world to the 20th century. Taken together, these cases offer the most extensive and comprehensive installation of numismatic material ever at Yale. The display is on view adjacent to the Bela Lyon Pratt Study Room, where visitors may make an appointment to view collection material.

The Gallery’s collection of numismatic material is among the University’s oldest, dating to the early years of the 19th century. By 1863 the holdings numbered some 3,000 items; two decades later the Greek and Roman portions alone totaled over 3,200. Formerly known as the Yale Numismatic Collection, jurisdiction over it passed from the University Library to the Yale University Art Gallery in 2001. The collection now comprises over 120,000 pieces and is by far the largest assemblage at any American university.

The collection provides the basis not only for formal instruction in numismatics but also for expanding the horizons of historians, art historians, archaeologists, and the general public. Its great strength remains Greco-Roman, including examples of the earliest coinage of western Asia Minor, the supreme artistic achievements of Syracuse and southern Italy, and masterpieces of Hellenistic and Roman portraiture. Silver coinage from the Roman Republic has been systematically acquired, and the collection of imperial coins is comprehensive; it has been augmented in recent years by the purchase of the collection of Professor Peter R. and Leonore Franke (over 4,100 pieces of Greek cities and the provinces) and the acquisition of roughly the first half of the collection of Ben Lee Damsky (about 900 pieces), which has enhanced the Gallery’s imperial holdings. The strengths of the collection include fine examples from the English and German traditions, a broad selection of Renaissance medals, and the coins from Dura-Europos, which complement the Gallery’s other holdings from this important Yale excavation in the 1930s.

For the modern period, one of the most important single bequests was C. W. Betts’s collection of medals pertaining to the American Revolution, which was the basis of a scholarly study from 1894 that remains in use today. The collection also includes paper money, with many thousands of Confederate notes selected to represent virtually every issue of the Civil War period, as well as a superb run of Connecticut coppers from the 18th century. The numismatics collection has recently been fortunate to receive transformative support from Susan and John Jackson, B.A. 1967, and the Liana Foundation, which will see the department’s activities, and its holdings of paper currency and related artwork, expand exponentially.

Learn More about the Numismatics Room

Note from the Curator

A selection of Viking coins from the first half of the 10th century is now on view in the Bela Lyon Pratt Gallery. The display highlights how the Vikings replicated the imagery of coins from the lands they settled and offers insight into how Viking rulers wanted to be perceived. Upon conquering kingdoms in eastern England in the A.D. 870s and A.D. 880s, the Vikings adopted coinage to help establish their economic and political power. They presented themselves as the equals of the English and the French by imitating their coin designs. Subsequently, the coins they issued in England featured overtly Christian symbols such as crosses or carried the names of saints; they even produced a coin that is read like the sign of the cross. By the early 10th century, when the Vikings returned to England after being expelled, their coins included fewer Christian elements and used motifs that appear pagan, like the raven depicted in the Penny of Anlaf Guthfrithsson in the Gallery’s collection. The Vikings also introduced coins to Ireland and Norway, which had no history of coinage.

Kevin Hoffman

The Numismatics Graduate Curatorial Intern and PH.D. candidate, Yale Department of History

with Benjamin Dieter R. Hellings
The Jackson-Tomasko Associate Curator of Numismatics

Penny of Anlaf Guthfrithsson, York, A.D. 939–41. Silver. Gift of Reverend William H. Owen, B.A. 1897

Meet the Curator

Benjamin Dieter R. Hellings

Benjamin Dieter R. Hellings, the Jackson-Tomasko Associate Curator of Numismatics, joined the Gallery in late September 2016. He holds master’s and doctoral degrees from the University of Oxford, where his research focused on coin find patterns and the use of Roman coinage in northern Europe. He has published on a wide range of numismatic subjects, from Greek and Roman coinage to early American colonial coins and American bank note material. He is especially interested in the quantification of ancient coin production and the economy, the circulation and use of ancient coins, and the use of numismatic “big data” for research and teaching, as well as in proof bank notes and related material.

benjamin.hellings@yale.edu

Further Reading

Bellinger, Alfred R. The Coins. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1949.

Bellinger, Alfred R. “The Numismatic Evidence from Dura.” Berytus 8 (1943): 61–71.

Bellinger, Alfred R. “The Syrian Tetradrachms of Caracalla and Macrinus.” American Numismatic Society Numismatic Studies 3 (1940).

Hellings, Benjamin Dieter R. “An American Bank Note Company Collage.” Yale University Art Gallery Members Magazine (Spring 2018): 12.
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Hellings, Benjamin Dieter R. “Ben Lee Damsky’s Collection of Miniature Monumenta.” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2018): 74–79.

Hellings, Benjamin Dieter R. “The Mary Hyde Ottaway Collection of Ancient Coins.” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2017): 97-101.

Hellings, Benjamin Dieter R. “(Re-)Discovery: Yale’s Second and Third Noe II-A New England Shillings.” Journal of Early American Numismatics 1, no. 1 (2018): 67–73.

Hellings, Benjamin Dieter R. “The Susan and John Jackson and The Liana Foundation, Inc., Numismatic Collection.” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2018): 48–55.

Metcalf, William E. “The Ben Lee Damsky Collection.” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2008): 95–105.
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Metcalf, William E. “Hadrianic Novelties.” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2011): 42–47.
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