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Prints and Drawings
Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
Full-size image not available for download. Please contact Rights and Reproductions.
Artist: Unknown
Publisher: Taller de Gráfica Popular, Mexico City, founded 1937

Día del indio, abril 19 1954 (Day of the Indian, April 19, 1954)

1954

Linocut

sheet: 82.6 × 61 cm (32 1/2 × 24 in.)
Gift of Monroe E. Price, B.A. 1960, LL.B 1964, and Aimée Brown Price, M.A. 1963, Ph.D. 1972
2011.203.14
The “Day of the Indian” was established in 1940, under President Lázaro Cárdenas (1934–40), during a global congress called to find ways to preserve and support indigenous communities in the Americas. This poster was created in Chiapas, the southernmost and historically the poorest of Mexico’s thirty-one states, which to this day has a larger percentage of its people self-identifying as “pure Indian” than any other state, and where a majority speak one of the indigenous languages derived from the ancient Mayan. The term Mexicanidad, “Mexicanness,” is frequently used to describe those with mixed Indian and European ancestry—often referred to as meztijos—but it applies even more strongly to those with a more purely Indian ancestry.
Geography: 
Made in Mexico
Culture: 
Mexican
Period: 
20th century
Classification: 
Works on Paper - Prints - Posters
Bibliography: 

“Acquisitions,” https://artgallery.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/Pub_Bull_acquisitions_2012.pdf (accessed December 21, 2012).

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.