Día del indio, abril 19 1954 (Day of the Indian, April 19, 1954) Artist: Unknown
Publisher: Taller de Gráfica Popular (Mexico City, founded 1937)


Prints and Drawings

The “Day of the Indian” was established in 1940, under President Lázaro Cárdenas (1934–40), during a global congress called to find ways to preserve and support indigenous communities in the Americas. This poster was created in Chiapas, the southernmost and historically the poorest of Mexico’s thirty-one states, which to this day has a larger percentage of its people self-identifying as “pure Indian” than any other state, and where a majority speak one of the indigenous languages derived from the ancient Mayan. The term Mexicanidad, “Mexicanness,” is frequently used to describe those with mixed Indian and European ancestry—often referred to as meztijos—but it applies even more strongly to those with a more purely Indian ancestry.




sheet: 82.6 × 61 cm (32 1/2 × 24 in.)

Credit Line

Gift of Monroe E. Price, B.A. 1960, LL.B 1964, and Aimée Brown Price, M.A. 1963, Ph.D. 1972

Accession Number



20th century


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.


  • "Acquisitions," https://artgallery.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/Pub_Bull_acquisitions_2012.pdf (accessed December 21, 2012).

Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

figures (representations), linocuts, political art


In plate, LR: "impreso en el INI, chiapas"

Technical metadata and APIs


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