1º de julio - 1936 y el enano cobarde y asesino autor de la matanza huyó de Yucatán (July 1 - 1936 and the Cowardly Dwarf and Murderous Author of the Massacre Fled Yucatán) Artist: Isidoro Ocampo (Mexican, 1910–1983)
Publisher: Taller de Gráfica Popular (Mexico City, founded 1937)


Prints and Drawings

In 1936 troops stationed in the state capital of Yucatán opened fire on protestors belonging to the taxi drivers’ union. Isidoro Ocampo helped bring this regional event to national attention in this poster that combines satire and pathos. Yucatán’s governor transforms into a “cowardly dwarf” ordering the attack, and the capitol building, the symbolic seat of power, becomes a literal fortress as soldiers shoot from the windows. But while the top half of the poster resembles a political cartoon, the bottom half—the protestors—looks more like a newspaper photograph, reminding the viewer that the seemingly abstract maneuvering of politics can lead to very real tragedy.


Color lithograph


sheet: 19 1/2 × 25 in. (49.5 × 63.5 cm)

Credit Line

Gift of Monroe E. Price, B.A. 1960, LL.B 1964, and Aimée Brown Price, M.A. 1963, Ph.D. 1972

Accession Number



20th century


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.

  • Michael Ricker et al., El Taller de Gráfica Popular: Vida y Arte, exh. cat. (Athens, Ga.: Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, 2015), 96, ill
  • Dawn Ades et al., Revolution on Paper: Mexican Prints, 1910–1960, ed. Mark McDonald, exh. cat. (Austin, Tex.: University of Texas Press, 2009), 143, no. 76
  • Helga Prignitz, El Taller de Gráfica Popular en México, 1937–1977 (Mexico City: Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, 1992), 309, no. 5
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

caricatures, cityscapes (representations), figures (representations), lithographs, political art


verso, LL, "El Taller" stamp


Inscribed in plate, UL: "1º de Julio - 1936", LC: "Y EL ENANO COBARDE Y ASESINO AUTOR / DE LA MATANZA HUYO DE YUCATAN", on banner in image: "FRENTE UNICO DE / TRABAJADORES / DEL VOLANTE" (= United Front of Taxi Drivers).


Monogram in plate LL: "I.O." or "J.P.", could represent Isidoro Ocampo or Juan Pueblo (pseudonym of Chavez Morado)

Technical metadata and APIs


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