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Prints and Drawings
Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
Full-size image not available for download. Please contact Rights and Reproductions.
Artist: Isidoro Ocampo, Mexican, 1910–1983
Publisher: Taller de Gráfica Popular, Mexico City, founded 1937

1º de julio - 1936 y el enano cobarde y asesino autor de la matanza huyó de Yucatán (July 1 - 1936 and the Cowardly Dwarf and Murderous Author of the Massacre Fled Yucatán)

1938

Color lithograph

sheet: 49.5 × 63.5 cm (19 1/2 × 25 in.)
Gift of Monroe E. Price, B.A. 1960, LL.B 1964, and Aimée Brown Price, M.A. 1963, Ph.D. 1972
2011.203.5
In 1936 troops stationed in the state capital of Yucatán opened fire on protestors belonging to the taxi drivers’ union. Isidoro Ocampo helped bring this regional event to national attention in this poster that combines satire and pathos. Yucatán’s governor transforms into a “cowardly dwarf” ordering the attack, and the capitol building, the symbolic seat of power, becomes a literal fortress as soldiers shoot from the windows. But while the top half of the poster resembles a political cartoon, the bottom half—the protestors—looks more like a newspaper photograph, reminding the viewer that the seemingly abstract maneuvering of politics can lead to very real tragedy.
Geography: 
Made in Mexico
Culture: 
Mexican
Period: 
20th century
Classification: 
Works on Paper - Prints - Posters
Bibliography: 

Helga Prignitz, El Taller de Gráfica Popular en México, 1937–1977 (Mexico City: Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, 1992), 309, no. 5.

Dawn Ades et al., Revolution on Paper: Mexican Prints, 1910–1960, ed. Mark McDonald, exh. cat. (Austin, Tex.: University of Texas Press, 2009), 143, no. 76.

“Acquisitions,” https://artgallery.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/Pub_Bull_acquisitions_2012.pdf (accessed December 21, 2012).

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.