American Decorative Arts
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
PrevNext2 of 2
Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery

Side chair

1840–60

Rosewood with modern upholstery

40 x 20 1/4 x 23 in. (101.6 x 51.435 x 58.42 cm)
Gift of Boris I. Bittker
2003.44.1
Culture: 
American
Period: 
19th century
Classification: 
Furniture
Geography: 
Possibly made in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Status: 
By appointment
Provenance: 

According to the donor, this side chair originally was part of a large parlor set that may have been owned by Louis Stix (1821-1902) a German Jewish immigrant who lived in Cincinnati, Ohio, and St. Louis, Missouri, before moving to New York. He was in the dry goods-department store business. The parlor set supposedly descended to his daughter Caroline ("Carrie" 1866-1937), who married Samuel M. Weiss; to their daughter Nina (b. 1889), who married Carl S. Stern; to their daughter Anne (b. 1918), who married Boris Bittker, the donor. The Bittkers disposed of the sofa and other chairs from the set "years ago."

According to his published Reminiscences, Stix moved to New York City in 1864, when he bought a house at 246 West 14th Street. He lived there until 1890, when he moved to 35 West 71st Street. He noted: "When we moved from Cincinnati, as before mentioned, we gave away all our furniture, bringing with us only clothing, linen, and silver, also wedding and other presents. In leaving 14th Street we followed the same plan, keeping the extension room furniture only, and donating all the remainder to the poor and to the United Charities." (Reminiscences, pp. 204-07.)

Bibliography: 

“Acquisitions 2003,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2004): 128–29, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.