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Asian Art

Sun God Surya with Adityas, Attendants, and Wives

late 11th century


74.9 × 35.6 × 14 cm (29 1/2 × 14 × 5 1/2 in.)
Purchased with a gift from Steven M. Kossak, B.A. 1972
Surya is featured in both Buddhist and Hindu traditions and is one of the twelve Adityas, or children of the goddess of the heavens. Identified by the horse-drawn chariot at the bottom of this sculpture, he holds lotuses in his two hands and is surrounded by smaller representations of his eleven brothers. Pingala, the potbellied and bearded recorder, stands to his right, and Danda, the measurer, stands to his left holding a sword. The small figure standing between his legs is his consort, Uma, the goddess of the dawn.
Bihar, India
On view
Pala period (ca. 750–1100)

European private collection; Nancy Wiener Gallery (dealer), New York; sold to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn., 2002

This work appears on our "Antiquities and Archaeological Material with Provenance Documentation Gaps" page.
Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.