African Art

Female Figure

late 19th–early 20th century

Wood

25 3/16 x 5 7/8 x 4 1/2 in. (64 x 15 x 11.5 cm)
Charles B. Benenson, B.A. 1933, Collection
2006.51.178
Mende female figures represent ideal beauty in the form of young women who have just been initiated into adulthood. The small beaded waist garment, fine braiding, and scarification indicate this transition. Some figures were used in secret rituals, especially for healing; others may have been used simply for display and to signify prestige.
Culture: 
Mende
Period: 
19th–20th century
Classification: 
Sculpture
Geography: 
Made in Guinea Coast, Liberia
Made in Sierra Leone
Status: 
On view
Provenance: 

Charles B. Benenson Collection, Greenwich, Conn, before 1993–2004; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

Bibliography: 

“Acquisitions, July 1, 2005–June 30, 2006,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2006): 222, 225, ill.

Frederick John Lamp, “Hot Space, Cool Space: The Reinstallation of the African Art Collection in the Louis Kahn Building at Yale University,” African Arts 40 (Summer 2007): 47, fig. 21.

Frederick John Lamp, Accumulating Histories: African Art from the Charles B. Benenson Collection at the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2012), 163, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.