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African Art

Bell in the Form of a Human Head

13th–15th century

Copper alloy
Alloy composition is 90-92% copper, 2,9-4,1% lead, 1,3-2,3% arsenic, 1,1-zinc, 0,6-1,1% iron. See report 511_A_2006_51_31 in files

7 7/8 × 5 1/8 × 3 1/8 in. (20 × 13 × 8 cm)
Charles B. Benenson, B.A. 1933, Collection
Lower Niger Delta, Nigeria, Guinea Coast
On view
13th–15th century
Musical Instruments

George Ortiz. Sotheby’s Parke Bernet, London, June 29, 1978; Charles B. Benenson Collection, Greenwich, Conn, 1978–2004; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.


Susan Vogel, African Sculpture: The Shape of Surprise, exh. cat. (Greenvale, N.Y.: C. W. Post Gallery, 1980), 22, no. 90, ill.

Sotheby Parke Bernet, London, Important Tribal Art, sale cat. (June 29, 1987), 29, lot 34, ill.

Susan Vogel and Jerry L. Thompson, Closeup: Lessons in the Art of Seeing African Sculpture from an American Collection and the Horstmann Collection, exh. cat. (New York: Museum for African Art, 1990), 146, fig. 75.

“Acquisitions, July 1, 2005–June 30, 2006,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2006): 222.

Frederick John Lamp, Amanda Maples, and Laura M. Smalligan, Accumulating Histories: African Art from the Charles B. Benenson Collection at the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2012), 95, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.