Staff Finial (Sono)

late 19th–early 20th century

African Art

On view, 1st floor, African Art


Copper alloy


7 7/8 × 5 11/16 × 4 1/2 in. (20 × 14.5 × 11.5 cm)

Credit Line

Charles B. Benenson, B.A. 1933, Collection

Accession Number



19th–20th century


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.



Collected by Maurice & Jacqueline Nicaud, Paris, near Bouake, Ivory Coast, 1954. Gaston de Havenon, New York, to April 26, 1983;Charles B. Benenson Collection, Greenwich, Conn 1983–2004; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.
  • Frederick John Lamp, Amanda Maples, and Laura M. Smalligan, Accumulating Histories: African Art from the Charles B. Benenson Collection at the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2012), 87, ill.
  • "Acquisitions, July 1, 2005–June 30, 2006," Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2006): 222, 225, ill.
  • Susan Vogel and Jerry L. Thompson, Closeup: Lessons in the Art of Seeing African Sculpture from an American Collection and the Horstmann Collection, exh. cat. (New York: Museum for African Art, 1990), 136, fig. 64.
  • Ezio Bassani, "Sono from Guinea Bissau," African Arts 12, no. 4 (1979): 47, fig. 6.
  • Warren M. Robbins, African Art: the De Havenon Collection, exh. cat. (Washington, DC: Smithsonian National Museum of African Art, 1971), fig. 147.
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

staffs (walking sticks)

Technical metadata and APIs


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