Ancient Art
Artist, attributed to: Kleophrades Painter, Greek, Attic, ca. 505–475 B.C.

Panathenaic Prize Amphora: A: Athena, B: Four-horse chariot

ca. 490 B.C.

Terracotta, black-figure, with applied red and white

65.2 × 40 cm (25 11/16 × 15 3/4 in.)
diameter of mouth: 1.7 × 18.1 cm (11/16 × 7 1/8 in.)
preserved height: 49.5 cm (19 1/2 in.)
Gift of Frederic W. Stevens, B.A. 1858
The Panathenaic Games, held in Athens every four years in honor of Athena, featured athletic and musical competitions. This special amphora, filled with valuable olive oil, was given by the city to the winners. Athena strides between two columns on one side, while the event for which the prize was given—here, a four-horse chariot race—is shown on the reverse. The Greek inscription reads, “From the Games at Athens.”
On view
Greek, Attic
Late Archaic
Containers - Ceramics

Said to have come from Etruria; conservation treatment in Rome in 1837; probably ex collection J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913); ex collection Frederic W. Stevens (1839-1928)


Susan B. Matheson, Greek Vases: A Guide to the Yale Collection, 1st ed. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1988), 20–21, ill.

Susan B. Matheson and Jerome Jordan Pollitt, Greek Vases at Yale, 1st ed., exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1975), 41–43, no. 40, ill.

Sir John Davidson Beazley, Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters, 1st (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956), 404, no. 5.

Susan B. Matheson, “Panathenaic Amphorae by the Kleophrades Painter,” Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum 4 (1989): 95–112, fig. 3, 10.

Beazley Addenda: Additional References to ABV, ARV2 and Paralipomena, 2nd (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989), 105.

Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 261.

Jenifer Neils, Goddess and Polis: The Panathenaic Festival in Ancient Athens, exh. cat. (Hanover, Germany: Hood Museum of Art, 1992), 174–75, no. 45.

Wendy M. Watson and Susan B. Matheson, Altered States: Conservation, Analysis, and the Interpretation of Works of Art, exh. cat. (South Hadley, Mass.: Mount Holyoke College Art Museum, 1994), 126–29, no. 23.

Thomas Mannack, “Beazley Archive Database,” (accessed 1997–2019).

Lisa R. Brody et al., “A Grecian Urn,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2010): 90, fig. 4.

Erika Kunz-Goette, Kleophrades-Maler (Mainz, Germany: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1992).

Arnold Lewis, Steven McQuillin, and J. Turner, The Opulent Interiors of the Gilded Age: All 203 Photographs from “Artistic Houses” (New York: Dover Publications, 1987), 48–49, fig. 22.

D. W. Sheldon, Artistic Houses: Being a series of Interior Views of a Number of the Most Beautiful and Celebrated Homes in the United States, with a Description of the Art Treasures Contained Therein, 67 ed., printed for L. M. Bates, New York, 2 vols. (New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1883–84), 101, ill.

Martin Bentz and Norbert Eschbach, Panathenaïka: Symposion zu den Panathenäischen Preisamphoren (Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 2001), 66, note 11.

Susan B. Matheson, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Yale University Art Gallery (Darmstadt, Germany: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 2016), 13–15, no. 7, pls. 73–74, 75.5–.7, fig. 5.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.