Textile Fragment with Figures, Animals, and Plants Maker: Khwaja Ghiyath ad-din 'Ali (active late 16th–early 17th century)

late 16th–early 17th century

Asian Art

Poet, painter, mystic, and master weaver of the court of Shah Abbas, Khwaja Ghiyath ad-din 'Ali is the most famous of the Safavid designers whose textiles bear their signatures. Scholars first noticed his name on a small number of silks early this century, and since then, his fabrics have emerged as some of the finest Persian textiles ever made. Here, Khwaja Ghiyath's rendering of the figural elements enclosed in the pattern's compartments betray his predilection for miniature painting. Reclining gentlemen, fox attacking geese, confronting cheetahs, lion's heads, and assorted plant forms are typical of the elements that made up the personage textile patterns so popular during Ghiyath's time. In this design, however, Ghiyath has ingeniously arranged the motifs within a nonpictorial space. The use of curvilinear compartments is unusual in lightweight silks of this kind, and may have been taken from carpets of the period.


Triple cloth silk


8 7/8 × 16 5/16 in. (22.6 × 41.5 cm)

Credit Line

Hobart and Edward Small Moore Memorial Collection, Gift of Mrs. William H. Moore

Accession Number



Safavid dynasty (1501–1722)


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.



Mrs. William H. Moore (1858–1955), New York, 1932; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.
  • Sylvia Houghteling, Affect, Emotion, and Subjectivity in Early Modern Muslim Empires : New Studies in Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Art and Culture, ed. Kishwar Rizvi, 9 (Boston: Brill, 2018), 127, fig. 5.1
  • Kishwar Rizvi, "Art History and the Nation: Arthur Upham Pope and the Discourse on 'Persian Art' in the Early 20th Century," Muquarnas: Journal of Islamic Art and Architecture 24 (2007), 45–65
  • David Ake Sensabaugh and Susan B. Matheson, "Ada Small Moore: Collector and Patron," Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2002), 31–49
  • Robert Skelton, Persian Painting from the Mongols to the Qajars: Studies in Honour of Basil W. Robinson (Cambridge: University of Cambridge, 2000), 249–65
  • Arthur Upham Pope and Phyllis Ackerman, Survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present, 6 vols. (London: Oxford University Press, 1938), 2096, vol. 3, pl. 1040A
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

fragments, textiles

Technical metadata and APIs


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