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Ancient Art

Roman bronze phalaron (openwork baldric fastener)

A.D. 165–256

Bronze

2 × 5.2 cm (13/16 × 2 1/16 in.)
Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos
1938.2179
Geography: 
Excavated in Dura-Europos, Syria
Culture: 
Syrian, Dura-Europos
Period: 
Roman
Classification: 
Arms and Armor
Provenance: 

Excavated by the Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos (block J8 W11), present-day Syria, 1928–37; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

Bibliography: 

Simon T. James, The Excavations at Dura-Europos,1928 to 1937: Final Report VII, 7 (London: British Museum Press, 2004), 74, no. 24, fig. 36:24.

Lisa R. Brody and Gail Hoffman, eds., Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity (Boston: McMullen Museum of Art, 2011), 326, no. 8, pl. 8.

Jennifer Chi and Sebastian Heath, eds., Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos, exh. cat. (New York: Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, 2011), 57, no. 12, fig. 2–35.

Lisa R. Brody and Gail Hoffman, eds., Roman in the Provinces: Art on the Periphery of Empire (Chestnut Hill, Mass.: McMullen Museum of Art, 2014), 270, no. 63, pl. 63.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.