Ragini Asavari, from a Garland of Musical Modes (Ragamala) manuscript Artist: Unknown

18th century

Asian Art

The elegantly rendered floral motifs that border the illustration of Ragini Asavari were made famous by the fourth Mughal emperor, Jahangir (r. 1605–27), and his son and heir, Shah Jahan (r. 1628–58), in their albums of Persian paintings. During their reigns, European merchants, travelers, and envoys brought prints to the Mughal court. Having compared certain European prints of flora with Mughal botanical studies, scholars conclude that Mughal artists may have been familiar with examples like the Flemish designer and engraver Adriaen Collaert’s Florilegium of 1599. In this image of Ragini Asavari, the sinuous grace of the flower stems, the vibrant petals, and the delicate outlines reiterate this cross-cultural connection.


Opaque watercolor on paper


Approx.: 17 1/2 × 11 3/4 in. (44.5 × 29.8 cm)

Credit Line

Gift of Lauder Greenway, B.A. 1925, Ph.D. 1930

Accession Number



Mughal dynasty (1526–1857)


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.



Said to have been given by the Maharaja of Kishangarh to a British army officer for services in 1857; with Imre Schwaiger (1868-1940), New Delhi, India, by 1938; sold in India to Lauder Greenway (1904–1981), New York, 1938; given to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn., 1940
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

figures (representations)



Technical metadata and APIs


Open in Mirador

View IIIF manifest

The International Image Interoperability Framework, or IIIF, is an open standard for delivering high-quality, attributed digital objects online at scale. Visit iiif.io to learn more

Linked Art

API response for this object

Linked Art is a Community working together to create a shared Model based on Linked Open Data to describe Art.