Frauen vor dem Haus Artist: Martel Schwichtenberg (German 1896–1945)


Modern and Contemporary Art

Not on view

Martel Schwichtenberg gained renown in the late 1920s for a series of portraits of her sophisticated friends in the Berlin avant-garde. But the majority of her work from that decade, like the paintings seen here, was more modest. The flattened modeling and blocky passages of color demonstrate the influence of German Expressionists, such as members of the Brücke (Bridge) and Blaue Reiter (Blue Rider) groups, who were drawn to primitivism and non-naturalistic color. In Frauen vor dem Haus, Schwichtenberg abstracted the faces and bodies of the peasant women into seemingly masked, anonymous forms. Their otherworldliness, as well as that of the trees and houses in the seaside town depicted in Blühende Waldbäume II (1941.677), conveys the relative exoticism of rural German life for an urbanite like Schwichtenberg.


Oil on canvas


94.9 × 78.1 cm (37 3/8 × 30 3/4 in.)

Credit Line

Gift of Collection Société Anonyme

Accession Number



20th century


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.

Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

human figures (visual works)


Women artists


Signed l.r. "M. Schwichtenberg"

Technical metadata and APIs


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