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American Decorative Arts

Sideboard Table

1765–80

Mahogany, southern yellow pine

38 1/4 × 44 3/8 × 25 1/8 in. (97.2 × 112.7 × 63.8 cm)
Mabel Brady Garvan Collection
1930.2686
This table is in the architectural, rectilinear manner that became popular in America during the later 1760s and 1770s. It is only finished on three sides and was intended to stand against a wall, as opposed to being moved from the walls into the room for various activities, like most tables and chairs of the period. The straight molded legs and the frieze-like frame with fluted decoration contribute to its architectural aspect.
Geography: 
Probably made in Annapolis, Maryland
Status: 
On view
Culture: 
American
Period: 
18th century
Classification: 
Furniture
Provenance: 

Acting as Garvan's agent, A.W. Clarke purchased this table on May 20, 1925, at the sale of the contents of the Hammond-Harwood House in Annapolis (Clarke to Garvan, May 20, 1924 [sic], Clarke correspondence, FPG-AAA). The house had been built in 1774 for Matthias Hammond, whose nephew Philip Hammond acquired it in 1776 and sold it in 1810 to Ninian Pinkney. One year later, Jeremiah Townley Chase purchased the house as a wedding gift for his daughter Frances, who married Richard Loockerman. It was inherited by their daughter Hester Ann, who married William Harwood in 1874. Their youngest daughter, Hester Ann Harwood, never married and lived in the house until her death in 1924. Since Miss Harwood's family did not acquire the house until 1811, the traditional identification of this table as the original sideboard from the dining room is unlikely (Elder 1968, p. 51.) Gift in 1930 to Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

Bibliography: 

Edgar G. Miller, American Antique Furniture: A Book for Amateurs, 2 vols. (Baltimore: Lord Baltimore Press, 1937), vol. 2, pp. 753–54, no. 1429.

Deering Davis, Annapolis Houses, 1700–1775 (New York: Architectural Book Publishing, 1947), 58, 61.

William Voss Elder, Maryland Queen Anne and Chippendale Furniture of the Eighteenth Century, exh. cat. (Baltimore: October House, 1968), 51, no. 34.

David L. Barquist, Elisabeth Donaghy Garrett, and Gerald W. R. Ward, American Tables and Looking Glasses in the Mabel Brady Garvan and Other Collections at Yale University (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 16, 80–82, no. 11, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.