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American Decorative Arts
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Maker, possibly by: New Bremen Glass Manufactory, American, 1784–1795
Proprietor: John Frederick Amelung, American, born Germany, 1741–1798


ca. 1790

Mold-blown and engraved potash-lime glass

11 × 5 1/4 × 5 3/8 in. (27.94 × 13.34 × 13.65 cm)
Mabel Brady Garvan Collection
In 1785 John Frederick Amelung opened a glass factory in New Bremen, Maryland, which created objects such as this canister. Amelung and his employees were German immigrants who were highly skilled in traditional glassmaking techniques, including mold-blowing and engraving. Despite his efforts to encourage Americans to buy domestically produced glass, Amelung could not compete with European imports and closed his factory in 1795. Many of Amelung’s workers went on to operate their own small-scale factories. The engraved design on this canister may be the armorial device of its original owner. This vessel is an extraordinarily large example of a type usually used to hold wines and liquor, and it may have been part of a set, perhaps with an accompanying case.
Possibly made in Frederick County, Maryland
On view
18th century
Containers - Glass

John Stuart Gordon, American Glass: The Collections at Yale (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2018), 44, no. 15.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.