Virgin and Child with Angels and Cherubim Artist: Francesco di Giorgio Martini (Italian, 1439–1502)

Image not available

ca. 1490

European Art

On view, 2nd floor, European Art


Cartapesta (papier-mâché)


126 × 82.8 × 11.5 cm (49 5/8 × 32 5/8 × 4 1/2 in.)

Credit Line

Maitland F. Griggs, B.A. 1896, Fund and Leonard C. Hanna, Jr., Class of 1913, Fund

Accession Number



15th century


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.



Art Market, Lucerne, by 1925 (as Bertoldo di Giovanni). Jakob Goldschmidt (1882–1955), Berlin, by 1933 [see note 1]; forced sale, Hugo Helbing, Frankfurt am Main, June 23, 1936, lot 68 (as Circle of Bertoldo di Giovanni); sold to Dr. Irmgard Freein von Lemmers Danforth (1892–1984), Wetzlar, Germany, June 23, 1936 [see note 2]; given to the city of Wetzlar, Germany, 1963; transferred to the Palais Papuis, Wetzlar, Germany, 1967; restituted to the heirs of Jacob Goldschmidt, 2020; sale, Sotheby’s, London, December 5, 2020 lot 29 (as Attributed to Francesco di Giorgio Martini); sold to Benappi Fine Art, London, December 5, 2020; sold to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn., 2021

Note 1: Banker, financier, and founder of the Darmstädter und Nationalbank (Danat Bank), Jakob Goldschmidt was also a renowned art collector, revered for his extensive holdings of impressionist paintings, European porcelain and Renaissance art. In April 1933, following Hitler’s rise to power, and as a German-Jew, Goldschmidt fled Nazi Germany via Switzerland and London, ultimately settling in New York. Although he managed to transport some of his collection with him, many of the objects, including his collection of Renaissance works of art, were left behind at his mansion on Mattha¨ikirchstrasse. In July 1933, Goldschmidt was further coerced into selling his mansion to the Italian Fascist regime to serve as their German embassy. His art collection was subsequently displaced and moved to his private office in Berlin. The Renaissance collection remained there until June 1936 when it was consigned to Hugo Helbing. Three-hundred lots were offered for sale and of the successful bids, the proceeds of the sale never reached Goldschmidt.

Note 2: Dr. Lemmers-Danforth was a pediatrician and notable art collector. In 1963, she donated around five-hundred works of art to the city of Wetzlar, including Virgin and Child with Angels and Cherubim. In 1967, the collection was put on display at the Palais Papuis, Wetzlar. In 2020, following extensive provenance research on the collection, and with the recognition that the 1936 sale had been forced and the direct result of Nazi persecution, the Virgin and Child with Angels and Cherubim was restituted to the heirs of Jacob Goldschmidt.

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