European Art
Artist: Lorenzo Monaco, Italian, Florence, ca. 1370–1422/23

The Crucifixion

ca. 1415–20

Tempera and gold on poplar

63.5 x 37.2 x 0.7 cm (25 x 14 5/8 x 1/4 in.) unframed: 61 x 33 cm (24 x 13 in.)
University Purchase from James Jackson Jarves
1871.24
Culture: 
Italian, Florence
Period: 
15th century
Classification: 
Paintings
Status: 
Not on view
Bibliography: 

James Jackson Jarves, Descriptive Catalogue of “Old Masters,” Collected by James J. Jarves, to Illustrate the History of Painting from A.D. 1200 to the Best Periods of Italian Art (Cambridge, Mass.: H. O. Houghton and Co., 1860), 43, no. 17.

Russell Sturgis, Jr., Manual of the Jarves Collection of Early Italian Pictures (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1868), 33, no. 18.

W. F. Brown, Boston, Catalogue of the Jarves Collection of Early Italian Pictures, sale cat. (1871), 14, lot 18 (Giotto).

William Rankin, “Some Early Italian Pictures in the Jarves Collection of the Yale School of Fine Arts at New Haven,” American Journal of Archaeology 10 (April-June 1895): 140, no. 18 (later than Giotto).

Osvald Sirén, Don Lorenzo Monaco (Strasbourg, Germany: Heitz, 1905), 91, 102, 142, 189, pl. XXXIV (as Lorenzo Monaco).

William Rankin, Notes on the Collections of Old Masters at Yale University, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Fogg Museum of Harvard University (Wellesley, Mass.: Department of Art of Wellesley College, 1905), 8, no. 18.

F. Mason Perkins, “Pitture Senesi negli Stati Uniti,” Rassegna d’arte senese 1, no. 2 (1905): 76, school of Bartolo di Maestro Fredi.

Osvald Sirén, “Trecento Pictures in American Collections-III,” Burlington Magazine 14 (1908-1909): 325, pl. I/1 (Lorenzo Monaco).

Bernard Berenson, The Florentine painters of the Renaissance, with an index to their works (New York, London: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1909), 153.

Adolfo Venturi, Storia dell’arte Italiana, 7 (Milan: Milano: Ulrico Hoepli, 1914), 14–15, VII, I (Lorenzo Monaco).

Osvald Sirén, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Pictures in the Jarves Collection Belonging to Yale University (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1916), 67–69, no. 24, (Lorenzo Monaco), fig. 24.

Ulrich Thieme, Felix Becker, and Wilhelm Suida, Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler (Leipzig, Germany: E.A. Seemann, 1921), 392, Lorenzo Monaco; Vol. XXIII.

Raimond van Marle, The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting, 19 vols. (The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1923–38), vol. 9, pp. 147–48.

Richard Offner, Italian Primitives at Yale University: Comments and Revisions (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1927), 5, 21–22, (Lorenzo Monaco), fig. 12.

Lionello Venturi, Pitture Italiane in America (Milan, Italy: U. Hoepli, 1931), Pl. CXLII (Lorenzo Monaco).

Bernard Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and Their Works, with an Index of Places (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1932), 300, Lorenzo Monaco.

Lionello Venturi, Italian Paintings in America, 1 (Milan, Italy: U. Hoepli, 1933), pl. 135 (Lorenzo Monaco, ca. 1412-1415).

Georg Pudelko, “The Stylistic Development of Lorenzo Monaco-I,” The Burlington Magazine 73 (December 1938): 248, note 35 (Lorenzo Monaco or workshop, ca. 1415-1420).

Landscape: an exhibition of paintings, November 8, 1945-January 1, 1946, exh. cat. (Brooklyn, New York: The Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, 1945), 13, no. 1 (Lorenzo Monaco).

“Picture Book Number One,” Bulletin of the Associates in Fine Arts at Yale University 15, nos.1–3 (October 1946): fig. 7.

Mrs. Francis Steegmuller, The Two Lives of James Jackson Jarves (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1951), 294, fig. 11.

Bernard Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: a list of the principal artists and their works, with an index of places, 1 (New York; Greenwich, Conn.: Phaidon, 1963), 120, Lorenzo Monaco.

Charles Seymour Jr., Early Italian Paintings in the Yale University Art Gallery: A Catalogue by Charles Seymour, Jr. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1970), 163–64, no. 116, fig. 116.

Burton B. Fredericksen and Federico Zeri, Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972), 111, 599.

Miklos Boskovits, Pittura fiorentina alla vigilia del Rinascimento, 1370-1400 (Florence, Italy: Edam, 1975), 350, Lorenzo Monaco, 1400-1405.

Marvin Eisenberg, Lorenzo Monaco (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1989), 79, 127, 143, 149, fig. 174.

Clay M. Dean, A Selection of Early Italian Paintings from the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2003), 26–27, no. 6.

Clay M. Dean, Selection of Early Italian Paintings from the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2003), 26–27, no. 6, (Lorenzo Monaco, ca. 1415–20).

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.

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