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European Art
Artist: Agnolo Gaddi, Italian, active ca. 1369, died 1396

Saints Julian, James, and Michael

ca. 1390

Tempera on panel

unframed: 87 × 74.93 × 6.67 cm (34 1/4 × 29 1/2 × 2 5/8 in.)
University Purchase from James Jackson Jarves
Made in Florence, Italy
Not on view
Italian, Florence
14th century

James Jackson Jarves Collection, Florence, to 1871; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.


James Jackson Jarves, Descriptive Catalogue of “Old Masters,” Collected by James J. Jarves, to Illustrate the History of Painting from A.D. 1200 to the Best Periods of Italian Art (Cambridge, Mass.: H. O. Houghton and Co., 1860), 44, no. 25.

Russell Sturgis, Jr., Manual of the Jarves Collection of Early Italian Pictures (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1868), 34, no. 21.

W. F. Brown, Boston, Catalogue of the Jarves Collection of Early Italian Pictures, sale cat. (1871), 14, lot 21 (Taddeo Gaddi).

William Rankin, “Some Early Italian Pictures in the Jarves Collection of the Yale School of Fine Arts at New Haven,” American Journal of Archaeology 10 (April-June 1895): 140, no. 21 (so-called Giottesque, described as spurious).

William Rankin, Notes on the Collections of Old Masters at Yale University, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Fogg Museum of Harvard University (Wellesley, Mass.: Department of Art of Wellesley College, 1905), 8, no. 21.

Osvald Sirén, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Pictures in the Jarves Collection Belonging to Yale University (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1916), 51–53, no. 20, (Gherardo Starnina[?]), fig. 20.

Oskar Wulff-Berlin, “Nachlese zur Starnina-Frage,” Italienische Studien (1929): 174, n. 2, 176, 188–189.

Bernard Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and Their Works, with an Index of Places (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1932), 214, Agnolo Gaddi.

Roberto Salvini, L’arte di Agnolo Gaddi (Florence: G. C. Sansoni, 1936), 186.

Hans D. Gronau, “A Dispersed Florentine Altarpiece and its Possible Origin,” Proporzioni 3 (1950): 41–47, pl. XXVI/fig. 6, XXVII/fig. 7 (Agnolo Gaddi); as part of Capella Castellani altarpiece in S. Croce with 1943.213, fig. 6, 7.

Mrs. Francis Steegmuller, The Two Lives of James Jackson Jarves (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1951), 295.

Bernard Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: a list of the principal artists and their works, with an index of places, 1 (New York; Greenwich, Conn.: Phaidon, 1963), 68, Agnolo Gaddi.

Charles Seymour Jr., Early Italian Paintings in the Yale University Art Gallery: A Catalogue by Charles Seymour, Jr. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1970), 37–39, no. 22, fig. 22.

Burton B. Fredericksen and Federico Zeri, Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972), 76, 599.

Miklos Boskovits, Pittura fiorentina alla vigilia del Rinascimento, 1370-1400 (Florence, Italy: Edam, 1975), 298, 301, Agnolo Gaddi, dated 1380-1385.

Bruce Cole, Agnolo Gaddi (Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1977), 73, 76, school of Agnolo Gaddi, no. 1871.21 [sic];rejects association with the Contini Bonacossi altarpiece, now in the Galleria degli Uffizi, first proposed by Gronau 1950, pp. 41-47.

Richard Offner, A Critical and Historical Corpus of Florentine Painting: A Legacy of Attributions (New York: H. B. J. Maginnis, 1981), 3, 20, 21, (assistant of Agnolo Gaddi).

Andrew Ladis, “The Reflective Memory of a Late Trecento Painter: Speculations on the Origins and Development of the Master of San Martino a Mensola,” Arte Cristiana 80, no. 752 (1992): 329, 333, note 20 (assistant of Agnolo Gaddi), fig. 12.

Mark Leonard, Personal Viewpoints: Thoughts about Paintings Conservation (Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2003), 16–17, Agnolo Gaddi, fig. 4.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.