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Ancient Art
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery

Votive Relief of the goddess Nemesis

A.D. 244


45 × 40.5 × 12 cm (17 11/16 × 15 15/16 × 4 3/4 in.)
Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos
Excavated in Dura-Europos, Syria
On view*
Syrian, Dura-Europos
3rd century A.D.

Excavated by the Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos (Palmyrene Gate), present-day Syria, 1928–37; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.


“Syria,” Syria 10 (1929): n.p.

Ludwig Budde, Die Entstehung des antiken Repräsentationsbilde (Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 1957), 16, fig. 43.

Ann Perkins, The Art of Dura-Europos, 1st ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973), 88–90, pl. 36, ill.

Susan B. Downey, The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report III (Los Angeles: Insititue of Archaeology, University of California Los Angeles, 1977), 29–31, 191–192, 203, no. 9, pl. 4, fig. 9.

Christa Bauchenss-Thüriedl, Erika Simon, and Ingrid Krauskopf, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, 8 vols. (Zurich: Artemis, 1981–97), vol. 5, p. 1034, no. 3, pl. 649; vol. 6, p. 771, no. 16.

Jerome Jordan Pollitt, “An Obsession with Fortune,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (1994): 25, no. 57, fig. 9.

“Catalogue of the Exhibition ‘An Obsession with Fortune: Tyche in Greek and Roman Art’,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (1994): 116, no. 57, fig. 9.

Lisa R. Brody and Gail Hoffman, eds., Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity (Boston: McMullen Museum of Art, 2011), 324, no. 4, pl. 4.

Jennifer Chi and Sebastian Heath, eds., Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos, exh. cat. (New York: Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, 2011), 80, no. 43, fig. 4.4.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.