Ancient Art

Votive Relief of the goddess Nemesis

A.D. 228–29

Limestone

45 × 40.5 × 12 cm (17 11/16 × 15 15/16 × 4 3/4 in.)
Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos
1938.5312
Culture: 
Syrian, Dura-Europos
Period: 
3rd century A.D.
Classification: 
Sculpture
Status: 
On view*
Provenance: 

Excavated by the Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos, present-day Syria, 1928–37; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

Bibliography: 

“Syria,” Syria 10 (1929): n.p.

Ludwig Budde, Die Entstehung des antiken Repräsentationsbilde (Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 1957), 16, fig. 43.

Ann Perkins, The Art of Dura-Europos, 1st ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973), 88–90, pl. 36, ill.

Susan B. Downey, The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report III (Los Angeles: Insititue of Archaeology, University of California Los Angeles, 1977), 29–31, 191–192, 203, no. 9, pl. 4, fig. 9.

Christa Bauchenss-Thüriedl, Erika Simon, and Ingrid Krauskopf, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, 8 vols. (Zurich: Artemis, 1981–97), vol. 5, p. 1034, no. 3, pl. 649; vol. 6, p. 771, no. 16.

Jerome Jordan Pollitt, “An Obsession with Fortune,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (1994): 25, no. 57, fig. 9.

“Catalogue of the Exhibition ‘An Obsession with Fortune: Tyche in Greek and Roman Art’,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (1994): 116, no. 57, fig. 9.

Lisa R. Brody and Gail Hoffman, eds., Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity (Boston: McMullen Museum of Art, 2011), 324, no. 4, pl. 4.

Jennifer Chi and Sebastian Heath, eds., Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos, exh. cat. (New York: Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, 2011), 80, no. 43, fig. 4.4.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.