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Asian Art

Jina Rishabhanatha

11th–12th century

Sandstone

35 1/2 × 13 × 6 in. (90.17 × 33.02 × 15.24 cm)
with base: 38 in. (96.52 cm)
Gift of the Rubin-Ladd Foundation under the bequest of Ester R. Portnow
2014.9.1
Also known as Adinatha, Rishabanatha is the first of the twenty-four Jinas who are revered in Jainism. As is customary with representations of such figures, Rishabanatha is depicted nude and stands in an erect frontal manner with his arms at his sides. This sculpture portrays his holy assembly, in which two kneeling women, two pairs of guardians, ten seated figures, and eight goddesses surround the central figure. In addition, the small seated Jinas hold their hands in a variety of gestures, which may refer to different moments in Rishabanatha’s lifetime.
Geography: 
India
Status: 
On view
Culture: 
Indian
Period: 
11th–12th century
Classification: 
Sculpture
Provenance: 

Acquired April 2001 by The Rubin-Ladd Foundation, Georgetown, Conn. and New York; gift in 2014 to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

Bibliography: 

Phyllis Granoff, ed., Victorious Ones: Jain Images of Perfection, exh. cat. (New York: Rubin Museum of Art, 2009), 178–79, no. S-10, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.