Ancient Art
Artist: Kleophrades Painter, Greek, Attic, ca. 505–475 B.C.

Modern fragment added to 1909.13 during 1837 reconstruction

ca. 490 B.C.

Terracotta. black-figure with applied red and white

65.2 × 40 cm (25 11/16 × 15 3/4 in.)
Gift of Frederic W. Stevens, B.A. 1858
Beginning in about 530 B.C., this special type of amphora was given by the city of Athens to the winners of competitions at the Panathenaic Games, held every four years. The shape of the Panathenaic prize vase as well as its black-figure decoration was canonical and changed very little for centuries. On one side of this vase, Athena, patron of Athens and honoree of the games, is shown striding to the left between two columns, while on the other side, the event for which the prize was won is depicted: in this case, a four-horse chariot race. This particular vase was painted by the Kleophrades Painter, one of the most important artists in the first generations of red-figure painters. His personal drawing style is apparent despite the deliberately archaizing rendering that went along with these traditional prizes.
On view
Greek, Attic
Late Archaic
Containers - Ceramics

Said to be from Etruria; conservation treatment in Rome in 1837


Susan B. Matheson, Greek Vases: A Guide to the Yale Collection, 1st ed. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1988), 20–21, ill.

Susan B. Matheson and Jerome Jordan Pollitt, Greek Vases at Yale, 1st ed., exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1975), 41–43, no. 40, ill.

Sir John Davidson Beazley, Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters, 1st (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956), 404, no. 5.

Susan B. Matheson, “Panathenaic Amphorae by the Kleophrades Painter,” Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum 4 (1989): 95–112, fig. 3, 10.

Beazley Addenda: Additional References to ABV, ARV2 and Paralipomena, 2nd (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989), 105.

Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 261.

Jenifer Neils, Goddess and Polis: The Panathenaic Festival in Ancient Athens, exh. cat. (Hanover, Germany: Hood Museum of Art, 1992), 174–75, no. 45.

Wendy M. Watson and Susan B. Matheson, Altered States: Conservation, Analysis, and the Interpretation of Works of Art, exh. cat. (South Hadley, Mass.: Mount Holyoke College Art Museum, 1994), 126–29, no. 23.

Thomas Mannack, “Beazley Archive Database,” (accessed 1997–2019).

Lisa R. Brody et al., “A Grecian Urn,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2010): 90, fig. 4.

Erika Kunz-Goette, Kleophrades-Maler (Mainz, Germany: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1992).

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.