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Asian Art

Kubera, God of Wealth, and His Consort Riddhi

10th century

Sandstone

45 × 30 × 11 3/4 in. (114.3 × 76.2 × 29.85 cm)
Gift of the Rubin-Ladd Foundation, under the bequest of Ester R. Portnow
2011.157.1
Known in Buddhism and Jainism in addition to Hinduism, Kubera—identified by his potbelly and pet mongoose that he holds in his left hand—is the god of wealth and the ruler of the semidivine yakshas, the protectors of the earth and all of its treasures.
Geography: 
Uttar Pradesh, India
Status: 
On view
Culture: 
Indian
Period: 
Kalachuri (10th–12th century) or Chandela (10th–13th century)
Classification: 
Sculpture
Provenance: 

In situ, Mahav, Uttar Pradesh, to at least 1984 [see note 1]. Ferruccio Abbiati, Turin, Italy, about 1995; sold to Carlton Rochell Asian Art Gallery, New York, 2002; sold to the Rubin-Ladd Foundation, Georgetown, Conn., March 2003 (on loan to the San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, Texas, 2003–2011); given to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn., 2011

Note 1: The Kubera is published in an archaeological survey of the district of Sonbhadra in Robertsganj Tehsil, in Pragdhara (1994–1995), the Uttar Pradesh State archaeological journal. The sculpture was reported as being located under a tree near a pond to the east of the village Mahav. Photography for the survey was taken during and after 1984.

Research is ongoing to determine the origins of the Kubera including its inclusion within the archaeological survey.

This work appears on our "Antiquities and Archaeological Material with Provenance Documentation Gaps" page.
Bibliography: 

Rakesh Tewari, G. C. Singh, and R. K. Srivastava, “Archaeological Explorations in Robertsganj Tehsil: District Sonbhadra, U. P.,” Pragdhara: Journal of the U.P. State Archaeological Organisation 5 (1994–95): 89, pl. 79.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.