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Loan Object

Lime Pestle (Parjoruk or Pamungkor Unte)

19th century

Ebony wood and tin

15.5 × 4 × 5 cm (6 1/8 × 1 9/16 × 1 15/16 in.)
base: 5 × 5 × 8.8 cm (1 15/16 × 1 15/16 × 3 7/16 in.)
Promised gift of Thomas Jaffe, B.A. 1971

The Batak of northern Sumatra comprise six groups: the Toba, Mandaling, Angkola, Pakpak/Dairi, Simalingun, and Karo. All share a common origin myth and ancestor (Si Raja Batak), have similar kinship and marriage customs, employ a common language and script, and emphasize certain ritual practices. Until the mid-twentieth century, political power was in the hands of chiefs and the council of elders, while spiritual power resided with the priest (datu), who had great influence on Batak life.

Made in Sumatra, Indonesia
On view
19th century
Tools and Equipment

Ex-collection: R. Burawoy, Paris


A. Plowright, “La Collection Robert Burawoy Primitifs,” Primitifs: Art Tribal, Art Moderne (July–August 1991): 54.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.